What to do with bleeding

What to do with bleeding?

Types of bleeding and their signs

Two photos - venous and blood pressureOur body is like a complex mechanism. There are central details - vital organs that ensure its well-coordinated work.

However, no part will work without fuel, cooling system and removal of waste substances. These functions are performed by the circulatory system.

The most important vessels are the aorta. According to him, the blood comes out of the heart and redirected to different parts of the body. It is rather difficult to damage the aorta, but with penetrating wounds of the chest, it is possible.

First aid for bleeding from this vessel should be provided in the first minutes after the onset of damage.

You understand that aortic injury is actually a death sentence. But, if the damage is caused in a medical institution (aortic dissection), then there is a chance of survival.

There are the following signs of this pathology:

  • heartburn;
  • pressing pain in the chest, which occurred unexpectedly;
  • sudden pain in lumbar region.

Therefore, if you have similar symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. After all, independent first aid in this pathology is impossible.

In second place is the danger and importance of the arteries, in which nutrients enter all parts of the body.

The flow rate in these vessels is very high, so when an artery is wounded, it is important to stop the bleeding for 30-40 seconds.

If the interval is exceeded, blood loss can be fatal. After all, the liquid pours out of the vessel in just a few seconds.

The doctor removes blood from the woundDoctors distinguish such signs of arterial bleeding:

  • blood spurts a fountain;
  • the pressure of the fluid pulsates;
  • blood has a characteristic scarlet color;
  • the patient becomes weak, cyanosis appears.

Consider that first aid for such bleeding should be as fast as possible! Literally every second of delay can cost a person a life.

In third place by danger - venous bleeding. Many, after reading textbooks from the school curriculum, naively believe that if a vein is damaged, blood flows slowly.

In vain, it is fairly easy to confuse with the arterial, especially if you do not have a medical education.

Recognize venous bleeding by the following symptoms:

  • there is a lot of blood, it flows out quickly;
  • ripple absent or mild;
  • blood does not hit the fountain, but quickly flows out of the wound;
  • the liquid has a burgundy shade, approximated in red;
  • blood is liquid, not viscous.

In venous bleeding, it is important to correctly recognize the type of damaged vessel. Many often confuse this type of blood loss with arterial, incorrectly rendering assistance. Naturally, such ignorance leads to sad consequences.

In fourth place is capillary bleeding. It can also be dangerous, especially if a large area of ​​skin is damaged.

Recognize this type of bleeding by the following features:

  • blood flows slowly or at low speed;
  • no ripple;
  • red blood;
  • bleeding tends to decrease.

Painting - two people carry a third on a stretcherEveryone encounters this type of loss of life-giving body fluid: falls, wounds, blood tests from a finger, etc.

Also, doctors emit very dangerous internal bleeding. They are difficult to notice, but they carry a huge danger to the life of the patient.

Recognize the internal bleeding will help such signs:

  1. If the bleeding in the limbs, then they appear large hematomas (bruises), which tend to increase. If the hematoma does not grow, then most likely the blood has stopped.
  2. When bleeding into the abdominal cavity, there is a thickening of the abdomen. The press is tense, when trying to palpation does not work to apply pressure.
  3. With bleeding in the pleural cavity and chest, hemoptysis is possible. But more often this symptom is absent, but there is a complicated breathing, confusion, lethargy.
  4. With intracranial bleeding, a sharp headache appears, the patient becomes nauseous, vomiting occurs. Often the patient literally loses consciousness after a bowel movement.

If you have a suspicion of venous, arterial or internal bleeding during injuries, immediately tell someone to call an ambulance and give yourself first aid! Every minute of delay can cost a sick person life.

How to help with venous bleeding

Bandages are wound on the woundWounds, in which the outflowing liquid has a burgundy hue, flows out quickly and does not pulsate, require an urgent start of treatment.

But you should not wait for the arrival of doctors in inaction, and it is important to begin manipulations to stop the bleeding as soon as you find the injured.

Correct first aid for venous bleeding is such actions:

  1. The victim must be put.
  2. If a limb is injured, it is necessary to put something under it so that it is above the level of the body.
  3. Apply pressure bandage. First, a sterile napkin is applied to the wound (if there is one), if it is not, then a piece of clean cloth will do. Then, it is fixed with a bandage, making 3 - 4 circular turns. After it is necessary to take a small pad or roller (if they are not there, make them from fabric) and lay them on the wound. And continue to bandage, fixing the sling. If blood does not stop after the first dressing, apply another 1 pad and continue to bandage.
  4. Call an ambulance if you provide first aid yourself. If you are not alone, then ask someone to do it while conducting the above described processes.

Such assistance is relevant for injuries of various parts of the body.Venous blood coagulates very well, so usually a pressure bandage is more than enough.

What to do with arterial bleeding

Put a harness above the woundWounds that trigger blood fountains are considered the most dangerous.

The only first aid for arterial bleeding is the imposition of a tourniquet. It is important to do this manipulation as quickly as possible.

Usually the harness is fixed according to the following rules:

  1. Do not bare the wound; the harness is applied only to fabric or clothing.
  2. The imposition is carried out exclusively above the wound.
  3. Twist the tourniquet until the blood stops.
  4. Write the exact time of application of the harness. If doctors remove it too late, then the development of nerve damage or necrosis is possible.
If you provide first aid for arterial bleeding - speed is important. Try to stop the blood in just 30 seconds.

What not to do

Iodine crossed outBlood is not just a vital fluid, it contains various cells, including viruses, bacteria, etc.

Therefore, if you find a person with bleeding, follow these restrictions:

  1. Do not touch with unprotected hands in the wound and patient. Be sure to wear rubber gloves. Who knows, what if the victim has AIDS or hepatitis? Therefore, your personal security should be paramount.
  2. Never apply a harness on the bare dermis. Is that if there is no other way out.
  3. Do not reach into the wound.
  4. Do not attempt to pour venous or arterial bleeding with iodine or peroxide.
  5. Do not impose a tourniquet without the need. Many twist limbs with venous bleeding. But this only exacerbates the situation. This element should be applied only when the blood beats the fountain and only above the wound.
  6. First aid should be carried out in a pair. While one does something, the second one calls an ambulance and runs after the necessary medicines.
  7. If there is a foreign body in the wound, do not remove it. It is possible that this item does not develop dangerous bleeding.
  8. If the patient has lost consciousness, then proceed to resuscitation: an indirect heart massage and artificial respiration. But keep in mind that doing this manipulation is a pair: while one rhythmically presses on the chest (at least 30 times), the second one inhales the air. But artificial respiration should be done only through a napkin.

Bleeding is life-threatening. Therefore, if you notice the victim, do not pass by. Who knows, maybe it is you who will save his life.

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  • What to do with bleeding

    What to do with bleeding

    What to do with bleeding

    What to do with bleeding

    What to do with bleeding

    What to do with bleeding

    What to do with bleeding

    What to do with bleeding

    What to do with bleeding

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