What is the cause of pain during menstruation

What is the cause of pain during menstruation?

Hormonal abnormalities

Surveys of gynecologists show that about 30-40% of women have regular stomach pains during menstruation, and 90-95% of the fair sex have encountered such a problem at least once.

To understand why this happens, you should listen to your feelings - it is quite possible that your hormones are just somewhat disturbed. With such a deviation of pain before menstruation are complemented by the following symptoms:

  • nausea;
  • headache (migraine);
  • general weakness in the body;
  • dizziness.

The above-mentioned hormone prostaglandin, which is responsible for the contraction of the uterus and the rejection of the endometrium lining it from the inside, is to blame. To recognize such a cause of indisposition can be quite simple - it also pulsates the lower abdomen, which is precisely caused by strong contractions of the uterus.

The girl holds on to the lower abdomenThe stomach as a result of a hormone disorder does not hurt very much - the discomfort is quite tolerable, allowing you to carry on normal life activity, do work and perform household tasks.

This problem is often calledpremenstrual syndrome- thus the PMS, about which they have been talking so much lately. Indeed, the stomach hurts mainly before menstruation, and after the onset of menstruation, the state of the body improves significantly, the intensity of contractions and pain decreases.

If you understand why this problem occurs, you should consult a doctor who will take a blood test, determine the state of hormonal balance in the body, and then prescribe treatment with drugs that control the content of specific hormones. You should not tolerate if you have a lower abdominal pain, because this situation, although not dangerous in itself, is a symptom of a progressive deterioration in the general condition of the body, ultimately leading to infertility and gynecological diseases.

Serious illness

A girl can't get out of bed due to menstrual pain.If the discomfort is observed during menstruation, it is worthwhile to listen more closely to your own sensations. When the lower abdomen pulses and contracts directly during bleeding, the problem may lie in the inflammatory process associated with gynecological diseases.In addition, there are cases when a woman cannot get out of bed or loses consciousness from a painful shock.

The most common diseases that cause severe pain during menstruation are:

  • uterine polyps;
  • myoma;
  • cysts of the ovaries and other female genital organs;
  • adenomyosis;
  • endometriosis;
  • ectopic pregnancy.
If you have a very strong, up to inability to perform everyday tasks, a stomach ache, you need to consult a doctor without delay, because this condition can develop into many serious illnesses, including life-long infertility and oncology.

In addition, when there were no discomfort during the menstrual period (about 1-2 years), and you suddenly feel pain, accompanied by severe discomfort, you also need to seek medical help.

Woman holding a thermometer in her handsAdditional symptoms will also help to find out why your stomach hurts. In particular, an elevated temperature will indicate an inflammatory pathology. Severe pains before menstruation, which prevent movement and daily activities, indicate a violation of the blood circulation of the genitals,at the same time, the most severe unpleasant sensations are experienced in the lower abdomen, and the pulsations become so strong that they are expressed in trembling or twitching of the abdominal muscles.

The prolonged time of menstruation, exceeding 7-8 days, can tell about cysts on the ovaries or to severe inflammation of the appendages. Regardless of why it hurts the stomach, you should consult a doctor, because all the problems described are very dangerous for women's health.

How to reduce pain?

However, regardless of the nature of the problem, you can ask for help later, and the lower abdomen will hurt now. Therefore, it is necessary to determine what to do to reduce the intensity of pain. There are several generalized recommendations that allow you to quickly return to normal life. But severe pain before menstruation requires some caution - it is better to contact the doctor and get advice before using a certain method of returning to the previous comfort.

Folk remedies

The girl presses the heater to the bellyThe most common recommendation is to put a heating pad on the lower abdomen, which will improve bleeding, relieve spasmodic condition and reduce the intensity of uterine contraction.This should be done with caution, since if there is significant inflammation, a tumor or a cyst, the heating pad will relieve pain, but it will significantly increase bleeding and prolong the period of menstruation, causing blood loss until anemia.

You can also soothe your body if you take a warm (not hot!) Bath with a few drops of aromatic oils that can reduce spasm and soothe the human nervous system. But in this case it is better to know why pain occurs before menstruation, because heat can adversely affect the development of pathological processes.

Medicines

Five pills in handWhen the lower abdomen hurts long enough, you should use painkillers. However, you should not buy expensive drugs, supposedly specially designed to improve the condition of the body during menstruation, since such an appointment is a common marketing ploy designed to raise the price of the usual for modern medicine drugs.

If the lower abdomen responds with severity, you feel nausea, headache and other symptoms of an increase in prostaglandin level, you can drink Analgin, Ketorol, Ketonal, Naproxen or Ibuprofen - all these drugs can suppress the production of the hormone responsible for the pain before the menstrual period.

Sometimes it is advised to start taking hormonal contraceptive drugs to get rid of unpleasant sensations during menstruation, but you should not do this without consulting a doctor.

If you start taking the drug that is not suitable for you before your period, you risk significantly worsening the condition of the body and provoke the development of numerous diseases.

It is impossible to take drugs before finding out why exactly the discomfort arose, since hormonal drugs influence the development of pathologies.

By the way, many experts recommend starting to take pills, both painkillers, contraceptive and sedatives, not during menstruation, but in front of them, counting 5-6 days, as this will help to approach the right day with a normal balance of hormones in the blood.

Even if you know why very severe pains occur, and the reason is not associated with significant pathologies, you need to stop doing compresses, take baths and use other methods if their action worsens the condition of the body.

Woman at the reception at the gynecologistIt is necessary to immediately consult a doctor. Urgent cases are considered when bleeding is noticeably intensified, as well as accompanied by systemic manifestations of pathologies.Experts will tell you what to do with very strong pain, prescribe treatment, and also tell you why the body reacts so negatively to the natural process for every woman.

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  • What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation

    What is the cause of pain during menstruation