What is the cause of allergies in infants?
Allergies in infants often cause panic in a young mother. So that inexperienced parents would not be afraid of the red itchy rashes on the skin of their babies and know what to do in such cases, we decided to write this article.
Allergy in infants: symptoms
About,how is allergy in infants, a lot has been written, but young mothers, when they are asked to list the symptoms of this disease in babies, recall only reddening of the cheeks and hives. Meanwhile, a rash is not always a sign of an allergy.
The appearance of small yellowish pimples, sometimes accompanied by redness on the face and upper body at 3-4 weeks of life, has no relation to allergies. These are the so-called milia - acne formations, which are the result of hormonal changes occurring in the child’s body.
At this time, maternal hormones are derived from the baby’s blood and the production of its own begins. This process lasts about a month, is not subject to treatment.
Then what does an allergy look like in infants and how to distinguish it from mile? This disease in newborns is characterized by the following symptoms:
- rash, redness and peeling of the skin. Rashes can appear not only on the face, but also on the skin of other parts of the body;
- constant itching The child will reach for a rash and be restless;
- the formation of gneiss - scaly crusts on the scalp in the hair;
- the appearance of diaper rash in the folds of the skin and on the buttocks, which cannot be handled with the help of conventional means (powders, ointments, etc.);
- colic, flatulence, liquid foamy stools of a greenish color are signs that the disease has affected the digestive organs;
- nasal congestion, swelling of the nasopharynx, in difficult cases, angioedema is possible;
- redness of the eyeball, suppuration (the eye is often “sour”) and increased tearing caused by irritation of the cornea, in this case there are symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.
Allergy in infants - photo:
The presence of all the signs at the same time is not necessary, more often a childhood allergy is accompanied only by a rash, itching and peeling of the skin. But this is enough to appeal to the pediatrician.
Distinguishing milia from an allergic rash is simple: they do not itch and are not accompanied by flaking (peeling) of the skin.
Causes of Allergies in Babies
Allergies in infantsmay be the result of many factors, the most common of which are:
1. Improper nutrition of the mother during pregnancy and during breastfeeding. The presence of allergen products in the diet of a pregnant woman lays a predisposition to allergies in the fetus, and the use of such food by a nursing mother causes an allergy in the baby.
Some mommies consider: the use of milk of animal origin improves lactation. This is not true. Cow's milk speeds up the process of lactation, but does not increase its volume. But allergy to cow protein in infants as a result of my mother's experiments with milk may well appear.
2. Hypoxia (oxygen deprivation) during pregnancy and childbirth. Smoking, a long stay in a poorly ventilated area, and rare walks in the fresh air during pregnancy, as well as entanglement with a umbilical cord during childbirth, may subsequently cause the baby to become allergic.
3. Early introduction of complementary foods. Until the age of six months, the baby should be breastfed.But sometimes, due to weak lactation, mothers start to add milk formulas to the diet of their favorite crumbs, and the result is an allergy to milk in infants.
4. Medication mom. Everything that gets into the stomach of a nursing woman is in her milk and inevitably affects the health of the child.
5. Abuse of certain products. If the baby is given a puree of green apple every day, then despite the hypoallergenic nature of this fruit, over time an allergic reaction will develop in the infant.
6. Dust mites. They are abundantly found in down pillows and blankets, so newborns are advised to purchase pillows and blankets filled with hypoallergenic synthetic materials.
7. Smells. The aroma of perfume, shampoo, cream, gel, etc., can also provoke an allergy attack in infants.
8. Chemicals present in the composition of laundry detergents and detergents.
9. Insect bites. Wasps, bees and mosquitoes can trigger allergies.
This list can be continued: there is an allergy to cold and to the sun, to dust and domestic animals, to spices and even to cottage cheese.
How to treat allergies?
Noticing the first signs of allergy, immediately contact your doctor, do not try to treat the disease yourself.The doctor will send you to a blood test (total and immunoglobulins) and allergy tests. Allergotest helps to identify the cause of the disease, eliminating which, you can reduce the disease to nothing.
The doctor will prescribe antihistamines, probiotic, sorbent, and a topical ointment. Depending on the cause of allergy, the doctor will make recommendations on nutrition.
If allergy tests cannot detect an allergen, we recommend that you do the following:
- replace pillows and blankets filled with natural materials with sleeping accessories with synthetic filling. Moreover, their covers should be made of natural cotton, preferably unpainted;
- relocate pets: your baby may be allergic to a cat or dog, hamster or parrot;
- If you feed the baby milk mixtures, you need to pass an analysis that will show whether there is an allergy to cow's milk in infants. If the answer is positive - go to a mixture based on soy milk. In case of allergy to soy protein, it is necessary to use hydrolyzed mixtures in which the protein is split into amino acids;
- use only soap and laundry detergents for washing and use repeated rinsing. Wash your clothes with these detergents too, because the skin of the child comes in contact with it;
- prevent the child from contact with bright-colored toys: the dyes on them are often unstable, get into the body with saliva and lead to allergies in infants;
- change your diet. Remove potential allergens from it: red and yellow vegetables and fruits, eggs, chocolate, cocoa, sweets, citrus and seafood. Do not eat spicy and salty dishes, garlic, onions, smoked meats, soft cheeses. Do not drink beer, kvass, carbonated drinks.
Enter kefir, yogurt without any additives, hard cheese, vegetarian soup without spices, porridge (except wheat, barley and manna), boiled chicken and turkey meat, lean veal, and fish cooked in a steamer or oven ( hake, pollock, cod, pike perch). Remember: proper nutrition is a guarantee of health for both mother and baby.
Allergy is easier to prevent than to fight it, so take preventive measures. Eat properly during pregnancy and lactation, do not smoke or drink alcohol, often walk in the fresh air and refrain from using drugs if they are not prescribed by a doctor.
Do not wean a child from at least six months: mother's milk (if properlymaternal nutrition) is the best protection against all ailments, andfood allergy in infantsyou will not be threatened.
Do not give your child medicines in the form of syrups and suspensions - they often contain dyes and flavors that provoke allergies. Choose hypoallergenic children's cosmetics and do not wash the nursery with household chemicals.
Listen to what Dr. Komarovsky advises moms, and then children's allergies will not cause you a feeling of powerlessness and confusion: