What is remarkable is the Don Cemetery
Don Cemetery, located in the south-westMoscow, is one of the most significant historical necropolises of the capital. Many figures who have left a notable mark in Russian history, politics, culture and science are buried on it. Let's take a closer look at this architectural and historical landmark.
From Russian History
On the date of foundation of many historical and architecturalobjects existing for many centuries, we can only judge approximately. Don cemetery in Moscow does not apply to them. Historical sources preserved the exact date of the first burial on it, this is 1591 year. The cemetery was traditionally opened at the Donskoi Monastery, founded in the same year on the outskirts of Moscow. It was erected to commemorate the victory over the Crimean Khan Girey and was named in honor of the Don Icon of the Mother of God. It was this icon that Sergius of Radonezh blessed Prince Dmitry for the Battle of Kulikovo. Donskoy monastery for centuries was one of the most significant spiritual centers of the Russian Orthodox Church. Its architectural ensemble has become a unique collection of monuments, illustrating the development of Russian architecture from the Middle Ages to the present day.
On the Pogost of the Donskoi Monastery
There is nothing surprising in the fact that the placethe last resting of many significant people in Russia was the Don Cemetery. Moscow, the ancient capital of the Russian state, was located in close proximity to it at the time of its foundation. And as the city grew naturally, the Donskoi monastery, together with the necropolis, first entered the territory of Moscow, and then ceased to be considered its outskirts. But as the burial place of the highest aristocracy and nobility, the Don cemetery became known even in the second half of the eighteenth century. This pogost was considered one of the most respected and prestigious not only in Moscow, but throughout Russia. Not every mortal could be honored to be buried on him. Nevertheless, the Old Don Cemetery is a burial place for people from different social strata of Russian society. Here are the graves of the participants of the Patriotic War of 1812, the Decembrist revolutionaries, prominent state and public figures, writers and artists.
Don cemetery in Moscow today
The common territory of the historical churchyard inthe present time is about 13 hectares. The modern Don cemetery is divided into Old and New. Each of the two territories has a separate entrance and is open to free access. In the administrative sense, the Don Cemetery is a structural subdivision of the State Unitary Enterprise "Ritual". It is this organization that provides care for the graves and the maintenance of the churchyard in the proper form. Since the end of the twenties, a crematorium functioned on the territory of the cemetery, and burials of urns with ashes were placed in the walls of the columbariums located here. There are no burials on the territory of the Don cemetery at present. Exceptions to this rule are allowed very rarely.
But still new graves in the cemetery sometimesappear. Decisions on burial in a historical cemetery are taken at the highest state level. So, on an exceptional basis, in the Donskoye cemetery in October 2005, the death of the Commander of the White Army, General AI Denikin and the Russian philosopher IA Il'in, died in emigration. These people returned to Russia after their death, according to their will. And in August 2008, the outstanding Russian writer, publicist and public figure AI Solzhenitsyn was buried in the historical graveyard.