What is an adjective?
At school, do you study in higher educationinstitution, one way or another, Russian is a must-have subject everywhere. The study of the Russian language includes the study of morphology. The adjective's name refers specifically to this area. In general, the adjective's name is a very pleasant part of the speech, because it is with the help of adjectives that we are able to describe our feelings and attitudes to something, or to someone, with them we make compliments and hear praise in our address. Adjective applies to the main idea concreteness, accuracy, imagery.
What does the name adjective mean?
Once the teacher decides to ask you - what isadjective, and you do not know what an adjective is. And then the school magazine will have a graceful "swan". Since we do not need swans in the magazine, we suggest that you get acquainted with this part of the speech more thoroughly.
Adjective - an important part of speech,which denotes a feature of the subject, answers the questions: what ?, what ?, whose? All these questions can be presented in the male, female and middle births, in singular and plural. Examples: a white elephant, a man is beautiful, a mother's skirt.
In the sentence, the adjective performs the functiondefinition, predicate or subject. Example: "There was a big dog lying on the floor". Here "big" is the definition. Example: "Beautiful entered the hall." Here "beautiful" is the subject. Example: "He was weak." Here "weak" is the predicate.
Adjectives are divided into 3 categories:
- qualitative - independent adjectives,which answer to which questions ?, which ?, which ?, which ones? They have a full and short form, combined with the word "very": very smart. They can be repeated: smart-smart. Can form one root words with the prefix "not": stupid. Have a comparative and excellent degree: smarter, smarter, etc.
- relative adjectives express the attitude to the material, time, space - wooden, do not have degrees of comparison, rarely combine with the word "very", do not have antonyms.
- possessive adjectives indicate belonging to someone or something and answer the questions: whose ?, whose ?, whose ?, whose?
But sometimes the boundaries of the ranks can move: the fish tail (possessive), fish soup (relative), etc.
Adjectives have a case, gender, number, short form and degree of comparison.
Example of declension by case
I.p. evil eye,
Rn. evil eye,
D.p. evil eye,
V.p. evil eye,
Gt; evil eye,
Par. about the evil eye.
Example of declension by birth
M.r. evil eye (what?),
J.R. wicked grandmother (what?),
Wed. an evil word (what?).
Example of declination by numbers
Unit. - evil person,
Mn.ch. - evil people.
Brief form of adjectives
Now a little more about what a shortadjective. The short form of the adjective answers questions: what? What is it? What is it? What are they? and in the sentence perform the function of the predicate. For example: "The jacket on it was (what?) Dingy."
- Not all qualitative adjectives can have a short form, for example: skilful, advanced, brown, etc.
- some adjectives have a two-fold form of brevity: natural - natural, peculiar - peculiar.
Degrees of comparison of adjectives
- Positive degree (example)
- Comparative degree is simple
- Greener (her)
- Courage (s)
- Comparative degree composite
- More green
- Less bold
- Superlative degree
- The greenest
- The most courageous
- Least Bold
So, we learned that the adjectives have five steppes:
- positive degree
- comparative degree: comparative simple and comparative compound.
- excellent degree: excellent simple and excellent composite.
Use adjectives more often, they make our speech brighter and more interesting.