What does the word "discourage" mean? Is it an adjective or participle?
How rich is the Russian language! It's only people who are ignorant think that everything is clear, transparent and understandable in it. Actually, it's not like that. Two words that sound exactly the same can mean completely different or differ in writing with a single letter, which, when pronounced, gives the same sound in both cases. And there are some interesting words that seem to be understandable, but the history of their origin is amazing. For example, the word "discouraged". Is this a short adjective or a short passive participle? And what is his etymology?
- A neighbor, are you discouraged?
"That's what you're saying, Daria!" The chorus ate all the chickens at night, slaughtered without a knife. So I really was discouraged. This is true - not a single chicken left!
Meaning and etymology
However, the word "discouraged" is not at all what it is,that she had in mind the elderly and not very educated woman. After all, chickens have absolutely nothing to do with it. The root of the word is not "hens", but "courage". And it came to Russian from France. The original meaning of "courage" was equivalent to "courage". Gradually the word in Russian became accustomed and acquired other meanings: "fervor", "swagger", "courage", "ostentatious courage", "increased cheerfulness." The rich men were patronizing, squandering money in taverns, a tyrant-landowner was flaunting his peasants, drunken husbands were waving over dumb, submissive wives. And in the morning, seeing on the sober head of what had been done, they took a discouraged look when there was no longer doping for fun, courage arose in the face of the gendarme, or conscience, or rather, the remnants of it, awoke.
What is the meaning of the word "discouraged"? Dictionaries treat it as "deprived of self-confidence", "confused", "in confusion", "surprised", "confused", "puzzled", "distressed", "dazed", "embarrassed", " confused "," embarrassed "," perplexed "," dumbfounded "," preoccupied "," confused "," puzzled "," stunned "," upset ". All these definitions in their meaning go back to one basic - "lacking courage".
Part of the speech to which the word "discouraged" refers
This word was formed from the verb "to discourage"that is, "bewilder", "upset", "deprive confidence." Hence, this passive participle. Since there is a prefix, even two, the suffix is used -nn-. In the case of using the form "discouraged" or "discouraged", it is necessary to define the word as a sacrament, which is in brief form.
To understand what is "discouraged", you need to look at examples of using the word.
- "Marina left the store with purchases. She remembered that part of the money left in her purse before leaving home. However, having opened it, I found out that the purse is absolutely empty. Surprised and frustrated, she realized that she had been brazenly robbed. Passersby turned after her, seeing Marina's so discouraged expression that her heart was just bursting with such a dumbfounded kind of girl. "
- "Discouraged by what he saw in the morning, Vasilygrabbed his head ... "That's how drunk I'm drunk! Two corpses, broken furniture and battered utensils - how to get out of this lousy history?" - he thought, sweeping the room in search of the right decision. "
- "The lapdog, accustomed every morning to receive her portion of porridge with meat, was discouraged by the fact that instead of eating she found a clean empty bowl. Something clearly happened, and this something was terrible. "
- "The moon looked discouraged at the fields: yesterday the wheat was still yellow, but today it is empty. Or in vain is she sad? The people are having fun ... "
As can be seen from the above examples, the word "discouraged" can be used both in common speech and in fiction. Often, it is used by poets.