We study the theory: which terms of the sentence are called homogeneous?
The topic of the article affects the syntax problemRussian language. It will answer the question of which members of the sentence are called homogeneous, as they are joined together. And also their features will be disassembled in detail. It is important to understand whether any members of the proposal can be attributed to this category.
It is best to understand the essence of the definition with an example:
- Under the table were pens, pencils, a piece of cloth, a thick notebook and a ruler.
In parsing the sentence,easy to detect,hthen the role of the subject in it is fulfilled not by one but bya few words answering the question: "What?". Let's enumerate them: pens, pencils, a scrap, a notebook, a ruler. To verify, you can make a sentence with each word individually, for example:
- There were pens under the table.
- Under the table was a thick notebook.
- A piece of cloth was lying under the table.
So, all nouns need to be askedthe same question, they all can be the same member of the sentence - subject. When reading, words are separated from each other by the intonation of the enumeration, and on the letter - by commas and by a co-operative union "and". Nouns refer to the predicate and perform the same function.
So, which members of the sentence are calledhomogeneous? For this, we will analyze the word itself, meaning "referring to the same species, the same." A detailed definition, based on the example, can be read in the picture presented just above.
Are all members of the proposal can be attributed to this category
Let us recall all the members of the proposal,presented in the picture a little higher: subject, predicate (main), as well as additions, circumstances and definitions (secondary). Having explained which terms of the sentence are called homogeneous, examples should be chosen for each option. Because the answer to the question given in the subtitle: "Everything is absolutely". We bring to your attention the table.
|Members of the proposal||Question||Example|
|Subject matter||Who! What?||I, Julia and Petya were summoned to the blackboard.|
|Predicate||What is he doing?||She writes at the same time, watches TV and talks on the phone.|
|Addition||Than?||The boys drew pencils, felt-tip pens and paints.|
|Circumstance||When?||In winter and summer, we are sure to go on a trip.|
|Definition||What kind?||The traffic lights use green, yellow and red color.|
Let's pay attention to our first example. Having analyzed which members of the sentence are called homogeneous, it is important to note that the subject is expressed by nouns of a different kind and number: kpencils and a ruler, a fragment and a notebook. Moreover, they can even be different parts of speech. Example:He and Natasha were brother and sister. In the first case, the subject is expressed by a pronoun, in the second - by a noun.
There can be phrases and even phraseological phrases:She spoke confidently, convincingly and with a beautiful tongue.In the latter case, a nominal phrase is used.The girl in the street froze and soaked to the skin. Here we see the application of phraseology - soaked to the skin.
It should also be noted that homogeneous terms can have dependent words. In the very first example -a scrap of cloth, a thick notebook.
If after reading the article it has already become clear which members of the sentence are called homogeneous, list the signs that distinguish them. If you can not, then let's do it together.
Sometimes we mistakenly accept similar expressions for sentences with homogeneous terms, which we'll talk about a little later. It is important that there are certain signs, which include the following:
- Which members of the sentence are called homogeneous? Those to which the same question can be asked.
- Not connected with each other.
- Relating to only one member of the sentence.
- They are both main and secondary members of the proposal.
- Perform one function.
- Interconnected intonation of the enumeration.
The way the words are linked together on the letter, we will consider in more detail.
The connection of homogeneous members
As a rule, communication is either unionless, and thenis put a comma, or with the help of co-operative unions. Having analyzed which members of the sentence are called homogeneous, how they are joined together, we will consider in the proposed table.
|Types of unions||Titles||Examples|
yes (= and)
not only but
how ..., and
He played guitar all evening and sang.
Man is difficult to understand, and accept with all his shortcomings.
She not only did the lessons, but also tidied herself up in her room.
He did not want to talk to either one or the other.
He was seen by the teacher, as well as by other students.
Not only he wanted to eat, Sergei, too.
As you swim, you can break it.
yes (= no)
She did not want to eat, but to sleep.
You can lie, but do not sleep.
He dreamed, but did not do anything for it.
She saw him, but did not have time to talk.
The work was complicated, but monetary.
either ... or
then ... then
neither this nor that
You can perform the task in the office or at home.
He wanted to ask for either his father or his brother.
Either she did not understand him, or she simply could not hear.
In the train window flashed fields covered with snow, then the lonely ate.
Neither to prepare for exams, nor to finish reading an interesting book.
Are not homogeneous members
Sometimes it seems clear which members of the sentenceare called homogeneous, but they are easily confused, for example, with definitions that are not. In particular, when one is expressed by an adjective, while the other is a numeral or pronoun. For example:
Are not you afraid to get your new dress dirty?
The first warm days came.
In the picture there are other cases. We hope that after reading the article, readers will understand which members of the proposal are called homogeneous.