We study the Motherland. Where is the mound?
The Russian Mound is one of the oldestsettlements of the Southern Trans-Urals. For a long time it was considered closed, as well as other Ural cities that have military units on their territories. Therefore, not every tourist will answer what is rich and famous Kurgan, where is located, which area of the Ural federal district can be compared with the advantages of its geographical neighborhood and what famous personalities he gave to his huge country.
For the first time the name of the village is mentioned in 1679. Existing as a peasant village on one of the high-water branches of the Irtysh River Tobol, the settlement became a city from 1782 onwards. About 100 years the area where Kurgan is located was considered a reference territory of the Russian Empire. It was here, in the outback, the Decembrists were serving their exile.
Since 1894 the Trans-Siberian Railway has becomea link between Kurgan and the central regions of Russia. The Great Patriotic War made the city an evacuation center of industrial enterprises from Belarus, Ukraine and the Moscow region.
Geography and climate
The area where Kurgan is located is located inthe center of the largest continent of the planet in the West Siberian Plain. Being at a remote distance from the seas and oceans, the city still has advantages in its geographical position. Near the fuel and energy base of the North, the natural resources of the Urals and the boundless steppes of Kazakhstan. Located in the basin of one of the largest rivers in the world of the Ob, the territory where Kurgan is located has never lacked water resources.
On the climate of the area,The Ural Mountains, which prevent the passage of moist air masses. All the features of weather conditions are characteristic of the forest-steppe zone. The climate is temperate continental with cold and little snow in winter, and the summer is dry and warm.
The settlement is known not only for itsindustrial potential, but also monuments of architecture, temples and museums. The main church of the region where Kurgan is located is the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. Red brick building with golden dome caps for over a century collects parishioners of the Orthodox faith within their walls. Today the temple is an architectural monument and the main attraction of the city.
The Kurgan Aviation Museum is the onlyits direction in the vastness of Siberia. There are expositions of aviation equipment, aircraft models, equipment, photo documents and awards. Having visited Kurgan, it is worthwhile to visit the museum of Academician GA Ilizarov, whose name is closely connected with the settlement, the museum of the Decembrists that passed the Kurgan stage, and also see its symbol - a fire tower.