Visit of the Black Widow

Visit of the Black Widow

The island of Crimea was flooded with hordes of karakurt spiders. User Sergey Anashkevich tells in detail about this predator and gives practical advice on how to protect yourself from this monster and what to do if you are still bitten?

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At once I will say that karakurt or a black widow is in fact the most dangerous inhabitant of the Crimea and his bite can really be fatal. But if you go deeper, it’s not so scary and it’s important to just know a few aspects in order to completely relax, swim in the sea and walk along the mountain paths.

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As I said, karakurt is the most dangerous representative of the animal world, which lives in the Crimea. This type of spider belongs to the infamous Black Widows who inhabit almost a third of the globe - from Central Asia to the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, from southern Europe to northern Africa, as well as some parts of the Urals and the steppe Crimea.

This dangerous "beast" has a rather modest size - the female has sizes from 10 to 20 mm, and the male is a dwarf - a maximum of 6-7 mm. The danger to humans is exclusively females, sincemale is not able to bite through human skin. Karakurts have a completely black abdomen, often with red spots on the abdomen or white contours. An important distinguishing feature of Black Widows is their very long front legs.

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Karakurt is very prolific. For housing and breeding, the female builds a lair in various soil pits, often in rodent holes, weaving a network of randomly and incorrectly interwoven strands at the entrance of the net. Eggs overwinter in cocoons, which are hung up from two to four in the lair. Juveniles come out in April and are spread on the web by the wind. By June, the spiders are already mature. With the onset of heat, females and males migrate, looking for protected places where temporary nets are arranged for mating. After that, the females wander again in search of places for a permanent lair where the cocoons are placed. It is the period of the onset of heat and mating that is the most dangerous, since at this time, the likelihood of a collision with Widows increases.

By the way, the names of the Black Widow were not accidentally obtained by these spiders. After mating, the female kills the male. Then she is fully engaged in the search for a new habitat for the cocoon and offspring

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Where are the most often travelers may encounter karakurt? Favorite habitat of the spider - virgin, river banks, the slopes of ravines, wasteland. Karakurt likes to settle in the burrows of field mice, in stone rubble, cracks, dry piles of old garbage. Spider does not like thick grasses and shrubs, just does not like high humidity. It is important to know when you go camping or looking for a place to set up a tent.

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By the way, one of the features of karakurt is their network. Basically, they weave it not vertically, like most spiders, but horizontally. And as I said above - it is chaotic and located in the dwelling place of the Widow. For example, in the photo there is a seashore not far from Koyashskoye Lake, in which just a huge amount of karakurt lives. Among these rare shrubs, as well as in piles of garbage collected by the wind, I found everywhere the web and the lair of Widows. These spiders were the source of the photographic material for this post.

It is useful to know one important thing! Karakurt never attack themselves. Most often, they bite, if you disturb the network, step on the spider itself. But if the bite was still - this is bad. The poison of karakurt is 10-15 times stronger than one of the most venomous snakes - the rattlesnake.

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The Black Widow’s bite is painless and does not cause unpleasant sensations in the beginning.At the site of the bite, a small red spot appears, which quickly disappears. 15-30 minutes after the bite of the spider karakurt there is a strong sharp pain that spreads to the abdomen, waist, chest. The abdominal muscles are strained, breathing becomes more difficult, and the legs become numb. There comes a strong mental excitement, the victim experiences anxiety and fear of death. Dizziness, choking, vomiting, cramps are also observed. After the bite of karakurt is characterized by blue face, irregular pulse and its slowdown. At the end of primary arousal, the bitten person becomes sluggish, but does not behave calmly, strong pains prevent sleep. Symptoms usually last a day or two, in severe cases, much longer. Usually, the less time between the bite of karakurt and the manifestation of the first symptoms - the harder the consequences. Full recovery from the bite of karakurt occurs in 2-3 weeks, but the general weakness lasts more than a month. In severe cases, if you do not provide medical care, death after a bite of karakurt comes in 1-2 days.

What to do if karakurt did bite you? First of all, during the first minutes the place of the bite of karakurt should be cauterized with two or three matches. To do this, attach 3 matches to the head of the bite and set fire to their fourth.When a bite affects the upper layer of the skin, so the flame of matches is enough for partial neutralization and destruction of the poison. A bitten should drink warm tea or water. Give a little bit, because after the bite of karakurt urine excretion worsens. To relieve pain, you can prick painkillers (analgin 2 ml + dimedrol 1 ml, ketanol 1 ml). But all this is only supportive measures! In case of a bite, an urgent appeal to a medical facility is required. The only way to neutralize the poison of karakurt is the Tashkent anti-sweeping serum.

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A bitten should drink warm tea or water. Give a little bit, because after the bite of karakurt urine excretion worsens. To relieve pain, you can prick painkillers (analgin 2 ml + dimedrol 1 ml, ketanol 1 ml). But all this is only supportive measures! In case of a bite, an urgent appeal to a medical facility is required. The only way to neutralize the poison of karakurt is the Tashkent anti-sweeping serum.

It should be said that in the Crimea there were no deaths from the bite of karakurt, but caution is still needed.First of all, do not walk barefoot anywhere except the equipped beach. If you take off your shoes while enjoying the outdoors, be sure to inspect it before you wear it. And be careful when choosing a place for a tent, as well as when installing it in places where karakurt can live. It is best to carefully inspect the nearby territory for chaotic terrestrial webs.

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  • Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow

    Visit of the Black Widow