Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

Venus flytrap in natural growth

Venus Flytrap OutletsThe flower grows mainly in the Atlantic coast of America (New Jersey, South and North Carolina, Florida), where the pronounced humid temperate climate. The Venus flytrap looks like a grassy undersized plant with a rosette of leaves (4 to 7) growing from an underground short stem. The size of the VM is small - up to a maximum of 20 cm in nature, in home cultivation - about 10-12 cm. The leaves of the flower with teeth are quite long and, depending on the season, can reach 7 cm in length and 2-3 cm in height. They play the role of a trap and are formed only after flowering. The traps are colored from pink to dark red, depending on the age of the plant.

The V. flycatcher feeds mainly on small insects, spiders, and sometimes clams — in general, everything that crawls or flies into the trap itself.

The mechanism for capturing prey in Venus flytrap directly depends on the interaction between size, elasticity and turgor of the leaf. When the plant is open, parts of the sheet are bent outwards, in the closed state, on the contrary, the sheet is bent inwards, thereby forming a cavity, the entrance to which the cilia close. When the "cilia" are stimulated by the movement of calcium ions, an electrical impulse appears, which, spreading over the entire leaf of the flower, stimulates the cells in the midline of the leaf and the lobes.

Insect inside the outletIf the insect could not escape from the trap, it stimulates the inner wall of the leaf blade, which leads to a rapid growth of cells. Ultimately, the edges of the leaf are completely closed, a kind of “stomach” is formed, in which the prey is digested through the release of juice. Digestion can last up to ten days, then nothing is left of the prey except for the empty chitinous shell. Further, the trap opens again, and this means readiness to seize new prey.

How to grow Venus flytrap at home

Venus flytrap at homeInterestingly, this predatory flower grows well, both in wild conditions and in conditions of decorative gardening.Moreover, it is possible to grow Venus flytrap at home, however, this requires careful maintenance, especially it is necessary to monitor the level of humidity in the room during the winter season, when the heaters dry the air.

This is not to say that the Venus flytrap for growing at home is a capricious plant. Since its natural habitat is the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, the plant is accustomed to seasonal changes in temperature. Under natural conditions, even with the first frosts and snowfall, the Venus flytrap does not die, but the flower cannot withstand severe and prolonged frosts. In winter, at home, the plant leaves the bottom rosette of leaves, that is, the ground part, which the plant feeds, dies.

Until the very spring, the V. flycatcher is at rest, but with the first heat and sunlight the plant begins to lead its predatory lifestyle.

Venus flytrap on the windowsillUnderground short stem - the onion begins to actively fill with juice, a rosette of seven leaves appears, each of which can reach up to 10 centimeters. Leaves sprout alternately, one above the other, according to the “number of floors” principle.Along with the first leaves, stalks appear, on which rather beautiful white flowers bloom. And only after that, when the plant fades, the leaves transform into a trap. This is the main information from the field of botany, which you need to know amateur flower growers exotic.

It is building to say that now this exotic plant is increasingly beginning to grow at home. Grow a flower can both in the apartment on the windowsill and in the garden.

Care for Venus flytrap is quite simple, but you need to remember about some features.

In order for the flower to feel comfortable at home, you need to follow one of the main rules of care, namely, imitation of natural conditions:

  • sufficient moisture - there must always be water in the pan (except for the period of rest);
  • sand and peat soil - the land from the garden is not suitable for growing this plant because of its acidity;
  • good level of lighting, but not on the south side, or light shading.

Venus flytrap with mossAlthough the plant is light-loving, it does not tolerate stagnant hot air, so regular airing is necessary. In general, if you want your flycatcher to feel comfortable in your home,Care is simple - keep it on the sunny side, open windows more often and use air conditioners that moisturize as much as possible. In winter, do not put the pot next to the heaters.

For proper care, keep the Venus flytrap in a pot on a tray with a supply of clean or rain water - because the plant loves wetlands in nature.
The soil should not be overdried, so it is recommended to put moss on top of it.

How to feed a predatory plant?

Caterpillar in Venus FlytrapFeeding is one of the important aspects of proper care for this strange flower at home. Insects (mosquitoes, larvae, flies, small slugs, worms) for feed should be soft and small in size. If the food is not digested by the plant to the end, the trap can rot. Categorically you can not feed the plant meat in any form. At the end of the autumn the flycatcher is prepared for hibernation - you will notice this by stopping the growth of the leaves.

During this period, the care of the plant is to reduce the number of waterings, and, therefore, the water from the pallets must be removed. But the soil should not be over dried.

During the “winter sleep” period, it is advisable to move the Venus flytrap to a cooler and darker place with a temperature of + 10 ° C.
At this time, the flower can be kept in the refrigerator, covered with a plastic bag, or on the glazed balcony. Do not forget about the care even in this period, which is passive for the plant - maintain the desired soil moisture.

By the way, the plant also needs regular fertilizing through the soil - it is necessary to add standard fertilizer for flowering plants to the water for watering once a week, according to the instructions. It is important not to overfeed the plant, from which it can die.

Growing Venus Flytrap in the garden

Venus flytrap in the gardenGrowing a flower in the garden, where the flycatcher itself can provide food, it is not necessary to feed it in addition. But remember the following points of care: the soil must be covered with moss, the size of the box should be more than 30 centimeters in width and 20 centimeters in depth. The box with Venus flytrap can not be kept in direct scorching sunlight.

As you can see, caring for this unique and exotic flower at home is pretty straightforward.

The main thing is to monitor the soil moisture and lighting, do not feed the plant with prohibited foods.
If you follow a few basic rules, an amazing exot will delight you with its bright appearance for a long time.And, besides, given the reflex reactions of Venus flytrap, you can more acutely feel moments of communication with this amazing plant.

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  • Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden

    Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden