Venus flytrap - how to care for a predatory plant at home and in the garden
Venus flytrap in natural growth
The flower grows mainly in the Atlantic coast of America (New Jersey, South and North Carolina, Florida), where the pronounced humid temperate climate. The Venus flytrap looks like a grassy undersized plant with a rosette of leaves (4 to 7) growing from an underground short stem. The size of the VM is small - up to a maximum of 20 cm in nature, in home cultivation - about 10-12 cm. The leaves of the flower with teeth are quite long and, depending on the season, can reach 7 cm in length and 2-3 cm in height. They play the role of a trap and are formed only after flowering. The traps are colored from pink to dark red, depending on the age of the plant.
The mechanism for capturing prey in Venus flytrap directly depends on the interaction between size, elasticity and turgor of the leaf. When the plant is open, parts of the sheet are bent outwards, in the closed state, on the contrary, the sheet is bent inwards, thereby forming a cavity, the entrance to which the cilia close. When the "cilia" are stimulated by the movement of calcium ions, an electrical impulse appears, which, spreading over the entire leaf of the flower, stimulates the cells in the midline of the leaf and the lobes.
If the insect could not escape from the trap, it stimulates the inner wall of the leaf blade, which leads to a rapid growth of cells. Ultimately, the edges of the leaf are completely closed, a kind of “stomach” is formed, in which the prey is digested through the release of juice. Digestion can last up to ten days, then nothing is left of the prey except for the empty chitinous shell. Further, the trap opens again, and this means readiness to seize new prey.
How to grow Venus flytrap at home
Interestingly, this predatory flower grows well, both in wild conditions and in conditions of decorative gardening.Moreover, it is possible to grow Venus flytrap at home, however, this requires careful maintenance, especially it is necessary to monitor the level of humidity in the room during the winter season, when the heaters dry the air.
This is not to say that the Venus flytrap for growing at home is a capricious plant. Since its natural habitat is the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, the plant is accustomed to seasonal changes in temperature. Under natural conditions, even with the first frosts and snowfall, the Venus flytrap does not die, but the flower cannot withstand severe and prolonged frosts. In winter, at home, the plant leaves the bottom rosette of leaves, that is, the ground part, which the plant feeds, dies.
Underground short stem - the onion begins to actively fill with juice, a rosette of seven leaves appears, each of which can reach up to 10 centimeters. Leaves sprout alternately, one above the other, according to the “number of floors” principle.Along with the first leaves, stalks appear, on which rather beautiful white flowers bloom. And only after that, when the plant fades, the leaves transform into a trap. This is the main information from the field of botany, which you need to know amateur flower growers exotic.
It is building to say that now this exotic plant is increasingly beginning to grow at home. Grow a flower can both in the apartment on the windowsill and in the garden.
In order for the flower to feel comfortable at home, you need to follow one of the main rules of care, namely, imitation of natural conditions:
- sufficient moisture - there must always be water in the pan (except for the period of rest);
- sand and peat soil - the land from the garden is not suitable for growing this plant because of its acidity;
- good level of lighting, but not on the south side, or light shading.
Although the plant is light-loving, it does not tolerate stagnant hot air, so regular airing is necessary. In general, if you want your flycatcher to feel comfortable in your home,Care is simple - keep it on the sunny side, open windows more often and use air conditioners that moisturize as much as possible. In winter, do not put the pot next to the heaters.
How to feed a predatory plant?
Feeding is one of the important aspects of proper care for this strange flower at home. Insects (mosquitoes, larvae, flies, small slugs, worms) for feed should be soft and small in size. If the food is not digested by the plant to the end, the trap can rot. Categorically you can not feed the plant meat in any form. At the end of the autumn the flycatcher is prepared for hibernation - you will notice this by stopping the growth of the leaves.
During this period, the care of the plant is to reduce the number of waterings, and, therefore, the water from the pallets must be removed. But the soil should not be over dried.
By the way, the plant also needs regular fertilizing through the soil - it is necessary to add standard fertilizer for flowering plants to the water for watering once a week, according to the instructions. It is important not to overfeed the plant, from which it can die.
Growing Venus Flytrap in the garden
Growing a flower in the garden, where the flycatcher itself can provide food, it is not necessary to feed it in addition. But remember the following points of care: the soil must be covered with moss, the size of the box should be more than 30 centimeters in width and 20 centimeters in depth. The box with Venus flytrap can not be kept in direct scorching sunlight.
As you can see, caring for this unique and exotic flower at home is pretty straightforward.