Vaccinations for a small child - for and against
Main features of the vaccine
Before you choose a vaccine for children, you must be familiar with the information that contains instructions for use. Many parents trust the free funds that are available in any manipulation clinic clinic. They are purchased for public money. But now there is a new trend - the use of foreign drugs, which are made according to modern technologies, and have a higher level of protection against complications and side effects.
Thus, instead of the DPT vaccine, Infanrix hexa and Pentaxim are used today. The first of these was produced in Belgium and became widespread during routine vaccination of children. It provides immunity against the following diseases:
- whooping cough;
- Hepatitis B;
- infections that are caused by the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae (pneumonia, meningitis, epiglotitis, septicemia).
Pentaxim is used for the same diseases other than hepatitis B, as stated in the instructions.It is prescribed in cases where vaccination against hepatitis B was made separately. It is no secret that whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus are dangerous diseases that are difficult to treat. At present, they are included in the All-Russian compulsory vaccination calendar in order to provide collective immunity from such dangerous infections.
The composition of this medicine is very complex. It simultaneously contains tetanus toxoid and diphtheria antigens. These include a prophylactic agent against Haemophilus influenzae bacteria and a hepatitis vaccine. Infanrix hexa contains modified pertussis pathogens and inactivated poliovirus.
When such substances are injected into the body of a baby, a durable immunity is produced, which remains with him for life. Pentaxim has the same effect.
It is necessary to observe an important condition - it is impossible to violate the schedule for the active substance to enter the child’s body.Now one shot can replace six. Due to this, the risk of complications is reduced several times. Many babies rather difficult to endure painful manipulations. For this reason, the vaccine Infanrix hexa has another important advantage - maintaining a calm psycho-emotional state of the child by reducing the number of painful manipulations.
It is better to choose multivalent vaccines, if the parents have the financial opportunity. It is advisable to get a doctor's advice in advance about a particular drug.
Infanrix hexaas its analogue Pentaxim is introduced three times at strictly defined intervals of one and a half months. It is best to carry out the first vaccination at the age of three months. After that, the vaccination is done in 4.5 months.
But to ensure complete immunity, a fourth dose of the drug is needed, which must be received when the child reaches 18 months of age, that is, exactly 12 months after the third injection of the first stage of vaccination. This regimen is also standard for DTP and Pentaxim vaccines.
If, for any reason, the schedule for the entry of the drug into the child’s body has been violated, it is better to first consult a qualified doctor, who will establish an individual vaccination schedule. For example, if the first vaccination was made at the age of a baby of 6 - 12 months, then another scheme is used. The first vaccination is carried out by the drug Infanrix hexa or Pentaxim. After that, the second dose of the drug, which is introduced into the body after 1.5 months, should not contain the Hib component. The third and fourth fixing injection are done according to the standard scheme.
According to the all-Russian vaccination schedule, polio vaccination should be repeated at 20 months. The above scheme, when injections are given at 1, 5, 4, 6, and 18 months, is necessary for the prevention of whooping cough, diphtheria and tetanus. The vaccine Infanrix Hess in this case can be used as a mono-vaccination against these diseases. That is, it can be administered to the baby according to the planned vaccination schedule. The composition of this substance will not cause disturbances in the immune processes triggered by previous injections.Pentaxim also belongs to the group of multivalent vaccines, which are used as monovaccines if necessary.
An exception is the BCG vaccination against tuberculosis, which should be done separately. In the practice of European countries for many years used such complex vaccines, which include Pentaxim and Infanrix. Usually, babies respond well to them and recover better.
Before the child is vaccinated, the doctor examines the baby, assessing the state of his health. It is better if the mother will also be aware of the symptoms for which it is forbidden to carry out manipulations, because she may notice what the pediatrician does not notice. Before the vaccination in the manipulation room, the temperature of the baby’s body is determined.
A week before the substance is introduced, it is necessary to carefully observe the baby. It is important to make sure that he does not suffer from any respiratory diseases.The smallest runny nose or redness of the throat already gives reason to postpone vaccination to a later date. The fact is that the composition of any vaccine includes components that enhance the immune response. If the body already has a disease, the immune response may be inadequate. Moreover, there is a risk of complications.
The temperature before vaccination should be normal for several previous days. It is better to measure it when the baby is at rest, for example, immediately after waking up. Pentaxim or Infanrix hexa does not often cause complications, but it is still worthwhile to postpone the manipulation if the baby is sluggish or has a lot of naughty things. On the skin should not be any rash and redness. If there is an opportunity to take a blood test, you can make sure that the child's leukocytes are normal.
Infanrix hexa is a polyvalent vaccine that protects a child from the most dangerous diseases, such as whooping cough, polio, diphtheria, hepatitis B, tetanus. Vaccination against these disorders is mandatory in the Russian Federation.It is important to note that the risk of vaccination is minimal, and complications in the absence of immunity to the above diseases can lead to death and irreparable damage to the health of a small patient.