Treatment of heart diseases: antiarrhythmic drugs
Arrhythmia is a common causeheart disease and is characterized by a change in the regularity and heart rate. Pathology can be caused by functional disorders, as well as by organic severe heart lesions.
There are the following categories of the disease:
- Tachycardia (heart palpitations);
bradycardia (slowed down);
- extrasystology (extraordinary abbreviations);
- heart block (uncoordinated abbreviations).
Cardiac arrhythmia: treatment
The main symptom of the disease is a worseningfeeling, which is manifested in the sensation of palpitations, dizziness, weakness, constriction and pain in the chest, rapid breathing, shortness of breath, fainting and even loss of consciousness.
In the majority of cases, patientsfor a long period do not experience any special inconveniences that are associated with the disease, and therefore seek help out of time. At the first signs of the disease, you should definitely go to a qualified doctor who knows how to treat arrhythmia. Self-medication in such cases is inappropriate.
It is necessary to know that the correct antiarrhythmicdrugs can be prescribed only by a specialist, since every medicine against heart diseases has its activity. Accepting the wrong drug can cause additional arrhythmia attacks, including those that the patient has not experienced before.
If a patient is suspected of arrhythmia,electrocardiogram. This study is the main method of diagnosing heart disease. Usually, for the treatment of such diseases, antiarrhythmic drugs are prescribed, which in many cases can reduce manifestations of the disease. In severe cases, surgery is performed to install a pacemaker, a device designed to support the heart rate.
Antiarrhythmic drugs: a description
To restore the work of the heart muscle, oftenprescribe the drug "Quinidine". It is used to treat various types of arrhythmias. With his help, you can stop the attack, in addition, the medicine is used for prevention. With the use of the agent, side effects may occur, but with the correct dosage, their occurrence is reduced to zero.
Contraindications to taking medication areincreased sensitivity, atrioventricular blockade, heart failure, pregnancy, severe hypotension. The drug "Quinidine" is released in tablets of 10 and 20 milligrams.
Antiarrhythmic drugs are on their list anda remedy such as Novokainamid. The medication is involved in restoring the normal rhythm of the heart, it has an anesthetic local effect. The drug is used for ventricular, paroxysmal arrhythmias, which pose a threat to life, as well as for abnormalities of the heart rhythm during recovery of the body after anesthesia.
The drug "Novokainamid" is taken either inside (tablets) or intravenously in cases of paroxysmal tachycardia. Duration of treatment and dose is prescribed by the doctor individually.
Side effects include nausea, vomiting, headache, insomnia, general weakness, bitterness in the mouth. Caution should be applied to the use of drugs for kidney disease.
The "Etmozin" medication is also included in the group"Antiarrhythmic drugs." The medicine has an effective anesthetic local effect, it allows to remove spasms of smooth muscles of the heart, dilates the vessels. The agent is used for ventricular arrhythmias that threaten life, as well as for the treatment of ventricular tachyarrhythmias.
The drug "Etmozin" is contraindicated for patients with severe heart rhythm disorders, with abnormalities in the liver and kidneys, in cases of severe hypotension.