The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched the “slaves” personally, and then ran away from them.

BELLUM WALTHERIANUM

1.In 1260 Lord, on Tuesday 1 after Sunday Reminiscere, Mr. Heinrich from Stahlek, Bishop of Strasbourg, died, and the next Saturday, before Palm Sunday, Mr. Walter from Heroldzek on the other side of the Rhine was elected Strasbourg; later, in the summer, he was confirmed by the Archbishop of Mainz and ordained priest and bishop.
The next, then the feast of the Atonement of the Most Holy Mary, he served the first mass in the Strasbourg cathedral church, and many noble men and magnates came to the first mass celebration. So, came the abbot of the monastery of St. Gall named Berthold with 1000 knights; Abbot Berthold of Murbach, son of the aunt of the aforementioned bishop, with 500 knights; and an innumerable multitude of other noble men, counts, barons and magnates.

2. During the following forty-day fasting, the flagellants arrived, which were mentioned.It was estimated and calculated that in the city of Strasbourg, 1,500 people became flagships, and all of them were recalculated when they were in a procession of two.

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3. Then, before the feast of Trinity 14 this year, there was a reason for discord between the bishop and the citizens of Strasbourg because of certain rights that the bishop insisted belong to him.
When this could not be settled, despite the efforts of many people, on Trinity Week, namely, on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, the named townspeople in full armament left the city, demolished and leveled Mount Haldenburg and filled a moat dug near the fortification, which he was very deep and unapproachable, fearing that a named bishop would build a castle there for their oppression and oppression.

4. After that, the aforementioned bishop ordered all canons and clerics, large and small, as well as scholars, to leave the city of Strasbourg under the threat of excommunication and deprivation of their posts and fiefs.
And all of them, like the sons of obedience, did this, except for Mr. Berthold of Oxenstein, dean of the cathedral church, and Mr. Heinrich of Geroldzek in the Vosges, the singing church of Strasbourg, who after the death of the named Mr. Walter was elevated to the bishop of Strasbourg.
Moreover, the aforementioned dean remained with the permission of the aforementioned bishop because of his old age and bodily weakness, while the chorister remained against the will of the bishop, because he opposed the bishop and opposed the election of the bishop.
When all the clergy left the city in this way, the bishop imposed a general interdiction on the city, so that even over babies and sick people it was forbidden to perform all church rituals. When this happened, the named townspeople appealed to some foreign priests who came to the city, but only a few, three or so, performed church rituals on babies and patients, contrary to the bishop’s order.

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5. But when canons, knights, church ministries, Kagons, Begerons, Burggraves and many others left the city, they left all their good in the city, except for what was in money, namely, wine, food, meat, etc. property sealed by them and labeled so that you can know their price, because they hoped that they would pay it.
When they left in this way, the citizens called their goods and property, divided them among themselves at their own discretion, completely destroyed the farmsteads of those who had left, and cut down their numerous trees.They left the monasteries of the canons empty, and anyone entered there, and everyone who wanted to walk around, taking the locks, bolts, benches, doors, and they carried everything they could to break at their whim.

6. The Bishop also gathered a large army (they came to him: the Archbishop of Trier, his uncle, who came with 700 armed men, the Abbot of St. Gall with many people, the Abbot of Murbach with many people, Earl Rudolf Habsburg, who was later elevated to Roman kings, and many other counts, barons and noble men, for everyone who lived outside the walls of the city, even in the nearby villages, came out against the city) and laid siege to the city of Strasbourg.
At first they fought at Holzheim, laid siege to Lingolsheim Castle, which did not possess great strength and durability, and took possession of it, so that those who were in this castle retreated and entered the city unharmed with all their good.
This castle the bishop strengthened his people. Having seized the castle, the bishop and his army laid siege to the city, setting up their tents and the army named in a meadow near the village of Eckbolsheim, namely, located between Königshofen and Eckbolsheim.

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7When they thus arrived at the indicated meadow, the Archbishop of Trier did not yet come to them with his army, but on the same day he nevertheless came to them on this meadow with his army.
When the aforementioned archbishop thus made the transition from Hausbergen to Ekbolsheim, the archbishop’s wagon followed, carrying weapons and other things.
Then a certain histrion named Bitterfil arrived; having lingered in the city, he took several people with him, left the city and attacked the indicated carriage, taking it to the city. When they learned about this in the army, the people of the named archbishop had not yet laid down their arms; taking with them very many people from this country whom they found armed, namely, gentlemen from Lithenberg, marshal from Hunenburg, together with their people and many others, they approached the city in a fierce rush.
When they came to the gate at the church of St. Aurelius near Königshofen, they found some of the townspeople, although very few, because it was breakfast time, and the people who stood there on guard, almost for the most part entered the city, so that have breakfast.
Yet they found there bakers and someone else, namely, Mr. Reynbold, nicknamed Long Reinbold,the brother of old Libenzellarium, and the few others who were entrusted with the task of protecting this gate, and that was on the day of Saint Margaret.
Nonresident knights and warriors, all mounted on good horses, attacked the people guarding the named gates, wishing, against their will, to enter the city suburb.
But, since the townspeople who were there, resisted them, a battle took place, so about 60 horses from non-residents were killed, three poor people were killed from the townspeople, and Mr. Rainbold the Lanky, Brother Libenzellary, and some men who were taken prisoner went into the garden to see the army of the bishop, namely, Reinbold, nicknamed Frumolt, the son of Mr. Reinbold’s brother, Libenzellarium, Bokelin, Ekbert, nicknamed Zeke, and some other people of the Merk rank.

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10. Then, these townspeople often made forays to burn and devastate the villages of their opponents, and especially the gentleman from Lichtenberg, Mr. Heroldzek on the other side of the Rhine, the father of the bishop, and Count Siegfried from Wert, the gentleman from Rotzenhausen and other good gentlemen .
And the bishop, in turn, destroyed all the lands of the townspeople, which they had in the diocese, and distributed among their knights and assistants their fields and vineyards,so that the named lands remain forever with them and their successors.

11. So when the townspeople left the village named, the poor named — about ten or fifteen people — were left to drink wine. And then the enemies descended. Named drunks greeted them, serving them wine. And the enemies thanked them for this greeting by cutting off their arms and legs and then killing them.

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12. And Colmar and Kaysersberg stood on the side of the bishop, so he had all the power in these cities, and they served no one but the bishop, for the imperial throne was empty at that time.
In Colmar, there lived a judge named John, highly revered and beloved by the inhabitants of Colmar, who, because of the differences that were then in Colmar, was expelled by the party that the bishop called supported.
This John agreed with the Counts Rudolph of Habsburg and his uncle Gottfried that he, the judge, secretly infiltrated the city and arranged with his friends so that at night the city gates would be opened, and when the named earls came with their people, he would let in they will pass them the city of Colmar. What was then done.
For the named judge entered the city in a barrel, securely closed on both sides.He arrived at the courtyard of a local canon, his relative, who was aware of this plan. After sending for his most powerful friends, he secretly agreed with them about what was said.
The strangers rode with the greatest fervor and swiftly broke into the city. They took care of them in advance and ordered that a stack of straw lay on every street. They were lit so they could see better and be seen.
It was the first hour of sleep. When they broke in this way, they drew their swords, galloped from street to street, shouting: "Hapsburg!" Seeing this, the enemies of the named judge and the entire nasty party fled, some even without pants and clogs, and left behind the city wall; some were captured and killed.

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13. At that time, contention and various parties were also in the city of Mühlhausen, which belonged to the named bishop. When its residents learned about what happened in Colmar, one party secretly sent ambassadors to the named counts, and the residents promised them that if they came at night, they would surrender this city to them, and open the gate, and recognize the named earl Rudolph as their master as did Colmar.
For the aforementioned bishop strongly oppressed them, placing over his strongly fortified citadel, which was on the city wall, the gentleman from Steinbrunn, the son of his aunt, as a judge, and he daily caused numerous insults and violence to the citizens.

14. Some of the people also came out against those who entered the city, and began a battle with them in the city itself; but the judge was killed in the first bout. When this happened, the ranks of the people and the named judge multiplied; people were greatly grieved by the death of the named judge, because they loved him beyond measure, and, seeing him dead, kindled with even greater anger against these enemies, and rushed at them, so that they could not resist.
Noticing this, some of them fled to the gate through which they entered, and were saved; the rest who remained were killed, so that not one of them was taken prisoner.
Some of the townspeople, who were suspected of involvement in the incident, were also killed in this confusion, while others were dragged to the mare attached to the tail and placed under the gallows and above the wheel.

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15. Meanwhile, while all this was happening, the bishop of Strasbourg and Strasbourg citizens constantly feuded with each other, daily arson and looting ruining the whole land on both sides of the Rhine, between Breyzakh and Zelts.

sixteen.So, while this kind of discord continued and no one could appease him, despite the repeated efforts of many noble and pious husbands, it happened that on Wednesday after Sunday, when Reminiscere sang, in 1259 the Lord, while the war was still called, almost all the townspeople, knights and infantry of the people of the city of Strasbourg, about the middle of the day came out of the city together with the stone-cutters and other craftsmen and began to destroy the church tower in Mundolzheim, and this tower was made of stone, very strong and high; and they were afraid that the named bishop would create a fortification there, because then because of the roads that led from Hagenau, Brumat, Hochfelden and Zabern, while the war was going on, no one and nothing could pass into the city.

When they thus destroyed the tower, the bishop, who had with him a large army, after learning of this, ordered to ring the bell at Molsheim. Hearing this, the people, as was said, began to beat all the bells almost all over the country, and all the knights arrived to the bishop; so he gathered all those whom he could, namely, about 300 knights with knights on horseback and about 5,000 infantry.
From Dakhshteyn he came with his army to the city.For he eagerly sought to enter the battle with the townspeople, hoping to win over them and believing that the war would not end except through the battle.
He also regretted that he did not attack the townspeople at Vikersheim, as was said above, and did not join them in the battle; because of this, he came with fierce fervor to defeat them, who left the city for the destruction of the tower.

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17. When the named townspeople, who were at that tower, learned that a bishop had arrived against them, they immediately sent ambassadors to the city, rushing there. As soon as they entered, they immediately fled throughout the city, shouting that the bishop came against the citizens at the named fortress and attacked them.
And throughout the city they sounded the alarm. Hearing this, the whole city spoke out against the bishop. And the townspeople who were at the tower strengthened. They left the village of Mundoltsheim, climbed the mountain near Haldenburg and, standing there with banners turned, saw that the whole city was going to help them, and in such numbers that the people could barely see the field.

18. When the bishop and his people saw this, they very much cheered up, and everyone shouted: "They run!"And the bishop was with his people on the mountain near the Stubenweg farmstead; when he saw that the townspeople had dodged to the side and turned toward the city, as if desiring to flee, he went down with his people from the mountain to the plain in the direction of the city, but only with those who were riding him, for the infantry had not yet approached him.
He greatly encouraged and encouraged his own people, promising them a lot of value from robbery, just as gentlemen usually do during their battles, and settled down with his people on this plain.

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19. And when the townspeople, when they had gone around the moat, turned and turned their banners against the bishop and moved straight towards him. When they approached one field from him, they built their regiments in battle order, inspiring and encouraging each other and, especially, on foot, who said: "Fight today with a brave soul and without fear for the sake of all the honor of our city and for our eternal the freedom and freedom of our sons and descendants. "
When these townspeople thus went against the bishop, all the other townspeople, coming out of the city to help them ...

21. And the bishop, for his part, built his regiments against the townspeople and very encouraging his people, for he longed to join the battle; although contrary to the wishes of the best, wisest and most active,who were with him and who, before that, correctly reasoned that they would not be able to win with such a large number and strength of the townspeople.
But when they informed the bishop about this, he cursed them, saying that they were cowards, and if they wanted to leave, then let them go. Thus, for the sake of honor, many of them entered the battle, although they had a premonition of their own death.

22. When both there and here they prepared and strengthened, when both sides wore helmets and swords were drawn, by the townspeople Mr. Mark from Eckersheim, a glorious and worthy knight who was not yet a knight at that time, but was only spear in hand first acted against the enemies.
On the part of the bishop, to meet him in the same way, a certain Bekekelary spoke out with a spear; They both bravely threw themselves at each other, that both of them had broken spears, and they, together with their horses, fell to the ground, and both horses remained lying dead.
All citizens hurriedly followed this Mark, raised him from the ground and put him on another horse, and he escaped. And his opponent was immediately killed.

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23. When in this way the riders on both sides fought each other for some time, countless urban infantry followed their own with great haste.
And in accordance with the fact that they were inspired by them, they surrounded both friends and enemies and struck with their spears all the horses of their enemies and even friends they could not recognize in this fight.
The fact is that they were instructed by the famous Libenzellarium that they must kill all horses, both friendly and enemy, on the basis of the following: since the townspeople were near the city, and the bishop was far from his place, if everyone were on both sides, it would have been much easier for townspeople to drag or demolish few enemies to a nearby city than few enemies to drag or demolish numerous townspeople to a remote place. Thus they slaughtered all the enemy horses, so that all the knights and the bishops of the bishop were brought down and defeated.

24. The bishop that day, as if a true knight, bravely fought with his own hand along with his most active people and abbots, and was armed as a warrior; two horses were killed under him, and on the third he fled when he saw that he had lost, along with two knights who guarded him, namely, Burchard, nicknamed Murnhard and Wolfgelm from Achenheim, nicknamed Meyenriz, the comrade of Burchard.
When this happened and it was noticed by these citizens, they realized that the bishop had fled and raised a strong cry about it. Hearing him, all the city knights chased the bishop to grab him, and headed towards the farmstead of the named Stubenweg up the mountain; but, unable to grab him, they returned to the field where the battle took place.

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25. Meanwhile, all their opponents, whom they left to lie on this field, were robbed so that even their pants did not remain on the dead; of these, over sixty were knights and noble people.
The rest fled. And on the part of the townspeople, not one was killed, with the exception of a butcher named Peregrin, who was taken into captivity by those who had fled; when they brought him unharmed to Geispoltsheim and found out that their friends had died in battle, then, on reflection, they killed this butcher.

26. So, at the end of this kind of battle, the townspeople, together with their prisoners, joyfully entered the city, leaving the dead naked to lie in the field. When morning came, the townspeople walked towards Lingolsheim and, finding the castle empty, set it on fire.
Then they came to the village of Nordhausen and burned down the named village.Strong fear reigned over the whole diocese, so that no matter where they went, they seized everything they wanted, without any resistance. From the village of Nordhausen they entered the city.

27. The next day, the bishop sent pious men to the city to negotiate peace and harmony, and for the sake of a good world, canceled the interdict imposed on the city churches; and there were divine services throughout the city.
He also ordered that the townspeople be handed over so that they would sympathetically treat his prisoners, whom they had captured in the battle, and especially his brother, Mr. Hermann, from this land, which he believed was still alive and in captivity.
However, he was killed and so wounded between the eyes and mutilated around the arms that he could not be recognized among the others killed when they were gathered naked on the field and taken to Dorlisheim for burial.
And while others were buried with honor and with great sadness and grief, Mr. Hermann, without being recognized, was thrown into some cave, because they thought he was a Strasbourg citizen.

32. After the death of the aforementioned lord bishop, the canons began to bother about peace and harmony in front of the townspeople.They, together with all the inhabitants of the region, achieved this agreement and eternal peace for the most part on the condition that they forgave each other for all the damage caused on both sides during this war.
Thus named canons entered the city, without any restoration of the damage caused to them in their farmsteads. And at the request of the townspeople, they elected Mr. Heinrich from Geroldzek in the Vosges, the singing church of Strasbourg, who remained in the city against the will of the bishop mentioned above, as bishops. Thus, the agreement between these citizens and the canons remains to this day.

All this was written and told about the war in 1291 called the Lord, on Thursday in Easter week.

Translation: Bellum Waltherianum. MGH, SS. Bd. XVII. Hannover.

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  • The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them

    The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them The time when the Bishops and Abbots drenched slaves in person, and then ran away from them