The questions of philosophy are the way to truth
You can often hear in response from people when speakinggoes about the inmost things: "this is a philosophical question ...". This statement hides the unwillingness to reflect on the search for truth, and sometimes it reads a direct refusal to recognize the obvious.
In fact, the questions of philosophy are a direct question about the meaning of life, the truth of being and our way of knowing. So, the questions demanding the same honest answer.
Questions of philosophy and the search for an answer
Philosophy is a strict science, with an object,methodology and a system of categories through which its subject content is revealed. All the rest is philosophizing, or reflection of "free swimming".Once a person leaves the subject fieldphilosophy, begins his personal freedom for reasoning, which has absolutely nothing to do with the subject of this complex, rigorous and serious study of the system of knowledge. Initially, in the era of antiquity, one question was formulated: what is truth? And this "simple" saying gave birth to all the subsequent basic questions of philosophy. Briefly inThe style of ancient thinkers can be formulated as follows: what is the fundamental principle of all that exists?
Logic is the nature of thinking
The subject of science is thinking. Areas of cognition are ontology (the doctrine of being) and epistemology (the doctrine of cognition).Questions of philosophy to the subject of science correspondtheir absolute nature, are unchanging in time and space. Attempts to make the subject of reflection a specific area is nothing more than a special study, and is subject to study by the corresponding discipline of this area. The method of dialectical unity of opposites, postulated by the brilliant representative of the German classical school GVF. Hegel in his fundamental study "Logic", gave a philosophy adequate to the nature of thinking system of scientific knowledge - dialectics.
The great Immanuel Kant, exploring the nature of the purethinking, brought out the brilliant eternal questions of philosophy in an ethical form: who am I? What can I do? What can I hope for? In addition to the questions raised, to the possibilities of human thinking, the German researcher also prescribed the rule of moral conduct of man, known as the "categorical imperative."It says: "Do it so that the maxim of your will has the power of universal legislation!" Thus, Kant postulated the principle of goodwill of a person to follow the moral norms of society.
In the tradition of materialistic understanding in the XIX centurycentury formed the so-called "fundamental issue of philosophy" - the relationship of the material and ideal principles in nature. If matter was taken as the basis, the doctrine (school) was referred to materialism, if the basis of nature was recognized as an idea, then the direction was called idealism.
The Way to Truth
In today's thinking space, you canformulate and find, as seen on the surface, answers to questions on philosophy, set in the era of antiquity. Is this really so? The specificity of the subject of science is that it has an absolute nature. Thinking has not changed. Only the forms of his historical existence have changed.
Modern questions of philosophy remained unchanged. The nature of thinking has changed radically. In our time of "clip-like" consciousness, the question of truth does not often arise. On morality and morality. This is not a problem, but only a description of the reality and quality of the morality of society. Along with history and time, the principles on which untrue, and therefore not conforming to the norms of morality, social relations and opinions, will go into non-existence.