The poet Alexander Kushner
For more than half a century, one of theThe most significant values in Russian poetry are rightly considered to be Alexander Kushner. What keeps the reader's attention to this author for such a long period of time? Let's try to figure this out.
Alexander Semenovich Kushner was born in 1936 inNorthern capital. If we accept for the axiom the assertion that the place of birth and the small Native land have a significant significance in the destiny of man, then for the poet this statement is even more obvious. Childhood passed in an intelligent Leningrad family, which in many ways predetermined the future choice of the path.
Philological Education in PedagogicalInstitute Herzen and further work as a teacher in the specialty directly preceded the arrival of a large literature. It should be borne in mind that Alexander Kushner, as a poet, began long before that. The young man wrote poetry in primary school. This was for him a way of expressing his feelings and thoughts.
"Times do not choose"
From the first steps in the literature, Alexander Kushnerdeclared himself as a strong professional with his recognizable and uncharacteristic voice. His poetry was initially far from ordinary and everyday realities of Soviet life. It is impossible to find any "socialist realism" in it. The poet always turned his lines somewhere on top of everyday life, meditating and exploring timeless phenomena, images and meanings. That is why he managed to say his word in Russian literature.
Some of his lines became textbookclassics. It is difficult today to find someone who does not know that "Times do not choose, they live and die." Among other things, many of his poems became bardic songs and sound very good to the guitar. This is despite the fact that Alexander Kushner, whose photo is traditionally decorated with collections of bardic poetry, never composed special texts for vocal performance. As, however, never opposed to the performance of his poems in musical accompaniment. Anyway, the author's song became another unexpected facet of his work.
St. Petersburg in the poet's work
In Russian poetry from the golden nineteenthTwo distinct trends can be clearly traced. Very conditionally they are designated as "the Petersburg and Moscow schools". One of them is characterized by breadth, recklessness and vivid imagery, and for another - the severity of style and fidelity to the classical principles of harmony and composition. Alexander Kushner is a poet of the St. Petersburg tradition. Moreover, he is one of the brightest representatives of the Soviet and post-Soviet historical period.
Despite the fact that the specific realities of the Norththe capital is not so often flashed in his poems, Alexander Kushner without St. Petersburg is unimaginable. The city is literally dissolved in its images and constantly echoes the poems of the great predecessors - Blok, Annensky, Gumilyov, Akhmatova and Mandelstam. With St. Petersburg, Alexander Kushner's poetry is united by a single architectonics of Russian classicism. It exists and develops in a single spiritual space with this city.
Alexander Kushner and Joseph Brodsky
Two outstanding contemporaries were born andtook place as poets on the banks of the Neva River at about the same time. For a long time, they were united by personal friendship and creative competition. However, the relationship of the two poets was by no means always smooth and conflict-free. Of course, everyone felt in another person of comparable size. The friendship of the poets continued after the forced emigration of Brodsky. Dialogue of them was never interrupted, only passed into an epistolary form.
The future Nobel laureate dedicated his friendtwo poems, and Kushner - a whole poetic cycle. The sudden death of Joseph Brodsky in January 1996 was a shock to Alexander Kushner. Only a year before that, Brodsky had been conducting his friend's poetic evening in New York. This meeting with the readers was brilliant and left vivid memories for all those present.
Children's poems of Alexander Kushner
Much attention in his work, AlexanderKouchner gives poetry to the youngest. His children's poems are not only widely published and read, but also present in the form of songs in performances and cartoons. The poet does not consider the children's audience to be secondary. Moreover, he is sure that a person can not form a full-fledged personality without constant communication with samples of high literature. It is in childhood that a person is particularly susceptible to everything that he sees and hears. All this is of decisive importance for the formation of both personality and destiny. And such a position finds a response from a young audience. People who were born in the third millennium, meet in the poems of the poet from the last century something close to him. Alexander Kushner for them is not a stranger.