The main causes of pain in the collarbone
The body of an adult is 206bones that form the skeleton. Each of them performs certain functions. Among such a large number of bones should be allocated a clavicle - a pair of tubular bone, which connects the person's hands with the body. It is immediately above the first rib. This double curve bone acts as an arrow, with the blade occupying a position whereby the arm freely moves.
Several important functions are assigned to the collarbone. First, it transmits impulses from the hand to the axial skeleton. Secondly, the clavicle protects the cervical-axillary canal. Tubular bone serves as a firm support for the scapula and upper extremities. The maximum length of the collarbone of an adult person does not exceed the 16 cm mark. The bone consists of a body and two ends: the sternum and the acromial. The last joint is inactive. The globular sternum joint includes costal and clavicular ligaments. Five muscles are attached to the tubular bone, among which is the subclavian. It is under this muscle that the subclavian artery, the vein and the whole node of the nerves of the brachial plexus are located. If you look at the clavicle from the physiological point of view, it is a spacer between the sternum and the shoulder joint. Moreover, the paired tubular bone protects the neurovascular bundle.
As you can see, it's hard to overestimate the importance of the clavicle. Unfortunately, many of us are familiar with the pain in the collarbone. Causes that cause painful spasms in the tubular bone are many. Since the clavicle acts as a link between the shoulder joint and the central skeleton, the pain that occurs in the bone region can cause discomfort and a number of discomforts. In many cases, pain in the collarbone is associated with fracture of the bone itself. A lot of people are injured in the winter, falling on the hard surface with their elbow. Having fallen on a direct hand, almost always there is a fracture of the clavicle. Even unsuccessfully "landing" on the shoulder, there is a high risk of earning a fracture of a pair of tubular bone. Most often injuries of this kind are received by people who are actively involved in sports. However, no one is immune from the usual fall, as a result of which the collarbone will crack or break. The main symptoms in the fracture of the bone curve are swelling, hemorrhage, pain when moving by hand. In case of a fracture, the joints near the collarbone can be damaged, and the skin and pleura can be ruptured.
There are cases when in the case of mechanical traumathere is a displacement of the collarbone joints. In this case, most often there is a dislocation of the sternal and acromial ends. In the first case, the cause is a fall on the shoulder or a targeted blow to the chest area, which leads to a forward or backward movement of the sternal end. The main symptom of dislocation is pain in the sternoclavicular joint. There is swelling on the front of the chest. In case of dislocation of the acromial end, pain in the collarbone is observed when the arm moves in the area of the injury. If you feel, you can find the end of the collarbone, acting as a step. A severe blow to the shoulder can cause a dislocation of the acromial end. Often there is a specific pain in the collarbone, which is caused by squeezing the third and fourth cervical roots. Symptoms are simple: hiccough, pain in the heart, numbness behind the ear, difficulty in swallowing.
Sometimes, they complain of pain in the left collarbone. There is no fundamental difference between the right and left sides of the tubular bone. However, the causes that cause pain are different. If you feel pain under the left collarbone during walking, then most likely you are visited by myositis. What is this disease? In simple words, it is an inflammation of skeletal muscles. Myositis makes the muscle tight, keeps in constant tension, resulting in limited movement. There is a disease on the basis of all kinds of infections, with trauma. Frequent muscle cramps can easily lead to myositis. A dangerous disease called osteochondrosis can cause pain in the area of the clavicle. This especially applies to the widespread cervical osteochondrosis. It's all about the sedentary lifestyle of many people. Office workers are the main risk group.
Whatever it was, you need to respond quickly to the pain in your collarbone and seek help from a neurologist or therapist.