The first signs of menopause: how to recognize age-related changes?
The most noticeable symptoms include so-called "hot flashes." They include the sudden onset of heat in the upper part of the body, accompanied by severe redness. The duration of the attack rarely exceeds 5 minutes, the frequency is individual. In some women, similar signs of the onset of menopause appear only at night - no more than once or twice, while others suffer similar agony up to 50 times a day.
Enough sweating during the “tides” is quite unpleasant, which makes you more often engage in personal hygiene, visiting the shower several times a day.
The desire to visit the bathroom arises for another reason, with which the approaching menopause declares itself. Hormonal changes cause a significant reduction in the size of the bladder, causing the urge to become much more frequent. Many women even develop a condition similar to acute cystitis, which is accompanied by the appearance of a few drops of urine during sudden movements.
These changes include a decrease in the production of hormones that support the health of the vagina and uterus. Climax - in particular, under the condition of early onset, significantly muffles their mucous membranes, causing anomalous dryness, burning, itching, discomfort when moving.
Sexual intercourse often becomes difficult and painful - symptoms include a decrease in the production of natural lubrication, as well as a decrease in sexual activity. In this case, the unpleasant effects can also be a good rebuff by applying treatment,However, taking large doses of hormonal drugs for the resumption of sex is not worth it - you can greatly disrupt the natural balance, which will lead to the development of serious diseases.
All these signs appear no earlier than a year before the start of the menopause. At the same time, the first changes in the body of women begin to occur much earlier - doctors say that shifts are already 2.5 years before the full onset of the process.
In addition, the possibility of early onset of menopause, which may be accompanied by a very strong negative effect on the body, is not excluded. Therefore, it is necessary to look for symptoms in menopause in women who have already passed through the age of 45 years.
By about 50 years, most women develop a state of premenopause, which is often called menopause syndrome, attributing this phenomenon to the category of diseases. Age may not correspond to this figure - sometimes hormonal changes begin at the age of 45, and in some women only at the age of 60, however, the most significant probability is observed during this period.
The essence of changes in the body is quite simple. In the endocrine system, a biological mechanism is triggered, which slows down the production of female and male sex hormones while simultaneously stimulating the creation of follicle-stimulating hormone. This causes the symptoms of menopause in women described above. At the same time, the state of premenopause can last from one to three years, during which a gradual decrease in the formation of estrogen and testosterone is observed.
Approximately a few months after the first symptoms appeared, most women break their menstrual cycle. A close menopause makes it known about irregular and weak bleeding, which may not appear within 2-3 months. When an early menopause occurs, menstruation may not stop, but their volume will gradually decrease, and unpleasant sensations will also disappear.When menstruation finally stops, the body enters the menopause phase.
Most often it begins at the age of 53-55 years, when there is a complete restructuring of the body. During the year, the likelihood and development of serious diseases that are associated with hormonal and metabolic nature is very high. The reason for this is minimizing the release of female hormones with a high level of testosterone production. During this period, most women gain about 5-10 kg of weight, which is then very difficult to get rid of.
After about a year, the level of testosterone is finally reduced, and the processes return to a normal course. However, this age is characterized by increased blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone, which, if not found to be used, can cause such side effects as osteoporosis or other problems with fragility and fragility of bones.
Experts recommend to abandon hormonal drugs, replacing them with a special diet with a high content of calcium, magnesium and sodium. Within two years after the cessation of the last menstrual period, menopause completely ends, and the body enters the final stage of its development, which is characterized by a strong decrease in sexual function and impossibility of conception.
Any process that contains hormonal changes cannot but affect the human psyche. The main symptoms of menopause in women also include similar changes that begin to appear much earlier than physical ones.
If your age is over 45 years old and you feel constant irritability, as well as tearfulness and mood swings, then the probability of menopause is very high. In some women, such effects are quite weak, with the result that they are sometimes mistaken for premenstrual syndrome. However, the symptoms of menopause last much longer, and can cover several months at once, which are also often accompanied by a state of depression, which is their main distinguishing feature.
In addition, often biased insomnia occurs.This means that a person feels tired, feels an urgent need for rest, but cannot fall asleep due to excessive tension or anxiety.
Climax, especially on the condition of its early onset, can also be a reason for a complete change in character - former tough business women abruptly become couch potatoes and feel the need for closeness to their family, and some women, on the contrary, start looking for adventures that they lacked in youth. In this case, the treatment has almost no effect on psychological symptoms - in order for it to be successful, it is necessary to use a very high dosage of dangerous hormonal drugs.
Most of the women interviewed said that they forgot even simple words and could remember them for a few minutes. Climax causes severe headache and exacerbation of seasonal migraines, which often affect people who spend most of their time in confined spaces.
In this case, symptomatic treatment is used, which has nothing to do with the negative manifestations of menopause - such drugs are used as:
- Ketorolac (Ketanov);
- Antispasmodics and vasodilators.
In most modern women, menopause causes a completely unreasonable panic fear - they perceive it as the end of a full life and the onset of a real old age. In the case of early menopause, they begin a neurotic reaction, the consequences of which are difficult to predict. Noted cases of serious irreversible mental disorders, as well as suicide attempts and much more.
In such cases, it should be remembered that menopause is simply one of the processes in the human body that accompanies a certain age, and after it you can lead an active, fulfilling life full of vivid impressions. If adequate symptomatic treatment is used, the hormonal changes take place in many women almost without a trace, and do not have a significant effect on their daily life.