Peasant poetry. An analysis of the poem Surikov "Winter"
Peasant poetry. So it is customary to call one of the directions of Russian literature. The greatest flowering, telling about the hard life of the peasants, the beauty and modesty of Russian nature, received in the eighteenth and nineteenth century of the last century. Prominent representatives of peasant poetry are such poets as Sergei Aleksandrovich Esenin, Nikolai Alekseevich Nekrasov, Spiridon Dmitrievich Drozhzhin, Ivan Zakharovich Surikov and many other remarkable authors.
The creative heritage of Ivan Z. Surikov
Poetry of Ivan Surikov, according to critics,is original. It has its own characteristics, thanks to which the author's creations remain in the reader's memory for a long time, and sometimes for life. Amazing simplicity of the syllable, melodiousness and extraordinary brightness of images are able to fascinate anyone who at least once read poetry of this poet. Proof of this statement can be an analysis of the poem Surikov "Winter" and many other of his creations.
Despite the fact that the list of works belonging to the poet's pen and included in the circle of interests of modern readers is not that great, many people know the name of this wonderful word master.
The works of Ivan Zakharovich are included inprogram for literary reading of primary and secondary schools. Surikov's poem "Winter", as well as "Childhood", "In the Night", "In the Steppe", "Morning in the Village", "Autumn" and many others are easily memorized by heart. The work "Rowan" ("What are you standing, swaying ...") is transferred to music, and many, by the way, consider this folk song. It still sounds today in the performance of professional singers, actors and just singers. This fact speaks of unconditional recognition of the poet's talent.
In the list of works belonging to the poet's pen, an important place is occupied by those that belong to the category of landscape lyric poetry. For example, this is also the poem Surikov "Winter".
Until the end of his days Ivan Zakharovich did not stopadmire the beauty and perfection of the surrounding world. In the most ordinary and familiar phenomena of nature, he was able to see the magic. However, in his poems he was able to tell about this simply and at ease, which speaks of the great talent of the writer, as well as of boundless love for the native Russian nature, the people of Russia.
Description of the snowfall. Ivan Surikov, "Winter"
Verse refers to the category of landscape lyrics. The first two stanzas describe the falling snow, which gently covers the earth. The white blanket makes the world not only unusually elegant - it is able to protect all life from the forthcoming fierce frosts. This is the philosophical meaning of the poem. From the words of the lyrical work, he breathes calmness, peace. At the same time, the reader looks forward to the advent of the holiday, which will necessarily come in nature with the advent of winter.
Reading the description of the snowfall, a person involuntarily begins to feel himself in the environment that is transmitted in verse. This is another feature of the works of Ivan Zakharovich Surikov.
Carrying out an analysis of the poem Surikov "Winter", it is necessary to pay attention to how the poet describes the advent of the harsh season of the year. He does it masterfully - concisely, but very brightly.
Field, forest and all surrounding natureadapt to short winter days, long evenings, dark nights, the onset of cold weather. And again the poet points out that all changes in the life of the environment must be taken with calmness, rejoicing even the most insignificant phenomena that occur in this world.
Surikov's poem "Winter" can not be analyzedto conduct fully, without paying attention to the description of the life of the peasants. By the way the poet does this, it becomes clear that he is very familiar and close to the life of the common people. From the biography of the poet it is known that he comes from the peasants.
For rural residents, it is very important tothe onset of winter to provide themselves with a warm reliable home, to make food supplies. A sufficient amount of feed prepared for cattle also gives hope for a comfortable existence of a peasant family in the cold season.
This is a period of relative calm in the life of the peasants. This is evidenced by the analysis of the verse "Winter". Surikov shows that the workers have time to conduct a modest household. Men are engaged in preparing for the upcoming sowing campaign, women are doing needlework. Children from the bottom of the heart indulge in winter fun.
Analysis of the poem Surikov "Winter" givesthe possibility to assume that the villagers, like the poet himself, are not devoid of romance. They do not pass by the beauty that can be observed in nature with the advent of winter.Real connoisseurs of creativity Surikov and those whoacquainted with his works for the first time, with pleasure immerse themselves in the world described by the author. Poetry poet wants to re-read again and again, each time opening in the lines something new for themselves.