Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

Olga Nagornyuk
03.08.2016

Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

Tattoo inks, like any other, contain pigment and thinner. He can go as a separate substance or initially to connect with the dye. Plant, mineral, organic substances and even microgranules of surgical plastic are used as a pigment. Given such a diverse composition, it is not always easy to choose both safe and durable paint at the same time.

Types of pigments

Plastic microgranules are the most expensive variant of the pigment, but it gives the most bright and saturated color, and also retains the original appearance for a long time.

Mineral pigments are often used by professional tattoo masters, because they have a number of undeniable advantages. Most of them are zinc and iron oxides. Their main advantages are:

  • the inability to affect the lymphatic and fat cells, thereby eliminating the migration of paint beyond the contour of the tattoo;
  • very saturated color that does not change after injection into the skin;
  • hypoallergenic;
  • economical consumption due to optimum consistency;
  • rarely in the tattoo industry used dyes of plant and organic origin. This is due to a number of negative properties of such pigments. The main one is the ability of the paint to dissolve until the end, and therefore, to spread far beyond the tattooed area. In addition, unlike mineral, plant pigments can provoke allergic reactions.

Another significant drawback of organic paint is the change of color under the influence of the sun, which, of course, is extremely undesirable for a tattoo owner.

Diluents and other substances

The addition of a diluent to the pigment is necessary for even distribution of the substance in the layers of the skin. For this, tattoo masters use various substances, such as:

  • water;
  • ethanol;
  • propylene glycol;
  • listerine;
  • glycerol;
  • sorbitol.

The latter is the most commonly used. This substance has the same advantages as glycerin, but does not give the effect of a greasy film that prevents the pigment from penetrating the skin correctly.Sorbitol allows you to achieve a higher concentration of the coloring composition, which has a positive effect on the brightness and saturation of the final color of the tattoo.

Different base colors are obtained by mixing two coloring pigments. To apply the correct shade or achieve the effect of a semitone, it is necessary to mix several different colors at once. Not every tattoo artist can really do this qualitatively. Therefore, good professionals can be called artists rather than ordinary artisans.

It should be remembered that not all pigments can be mixed together. So, fluorescent paints are recommended to be used only separately.

Special attention should always be paid to the composition of paints, since it can contain toxic substances such as aldehydes, denaturers and surfactants. They are potentially dangerous for any person, and allergies should be especially careful. These substances provoke strong bouts of allergies, which can not be managed with conventional medications, because the paint is deep in the skin.

In the tattoo equipment store “Tatu Port” you can always find a huge selection of professional tattoo inks.


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  • Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

    Paint for tattoo - what is it? Composition and properties of matter

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