No sign is visible: the meaning of phraseology, origin, synonyms
In all languages of the world there are phraseological units. These are such stable phrases that carry one general meaning.
Many of the phraseological units can not be understood without knowing the history of their origin. This is because some words in the expression are lost from modern speech.
Phraseological units with obsolete words in the compositioncalled phraseological fusion. They can not be broken up, otherwise they will turn into a meaningless set of words. Examples of splices: to beat the buckets, sharpen the laces, etc.
What is meant by the expression "can not be seen without a sign", it is impossibleunderstand the first time. What is "zga"? And why it is not visible? To answer these questions, you need to refer to the etymology, that is, to the history of the origin of the word.
The phraseology "can not be seen" is used in several meanings:
- "The thick darkness." When they say this expression, they mean that because of the darkness it is impossible to see anything.
Example:The darkness was such that no one could see it.
- "Crowd". This phrase is also used to describe the pandemonium.
Example:Such a crowd that no one can see.
- "Blindness" in a figurative sense. More often than not talk about love.
Example:"Love does not see a thing," that is, love is blind.
What is "zga"? Let us turn to the etymology.
Linguists are arguing about where it came fromthe word "zga" and what it means. Some believe that this word Russian people called a ring on the arc of a horse. However, how then to explain the proverb: "A blind blind man drives, but neither one sees a thing"? Adherents of this version can not answer this question. That's why it is the least popular.
Other linguists argue that "zga" is the word "ystga" that has undergone temporary changes. This word mattered "path, track."
This theory explains the proverb that wasspeech above: a blind man leads a blind man, but they both do not see anything, not even the tracks. It turns out that the meaning of phraseology "can not be seen" - "nothing is visible, not even a road". This version has more grounds for it.
The meaning of phraseology "can not be seen" can be conveyed by other stable expressions. Describe the darkness can be the following phraseology:
- "Though the eye has been cut / poked out." In this phraseology there are no obsolete words, so we can understand the meaning from the context. So they say about such a dense darkness that even if you lose your eyes, you will not feel the difference.
- "Darkness of Egypt" - an interesting phraseology,the meaning of which goes back to the Bible. God punished the rebellious Pharaoh, sending to Egypt complete darkness. This expression is found in Russian literature, for example, in the writer Mamin-Sibiryak.
- "Darkness is infernal." The word pitch is borrowed from the Greek language. Its meaning is "external, transcendent". Negative coloring this word has received since the reign of Ivan the Terrible. The members of the oprichnina (oprichniki), the so-called tsarist guard of those times, were called bystanders.
The opposite meaning of phraseology "can not be seen" can also be expressed in phraseological units.
"As in the palm of your hand" - the main antonym of this phrase. It has the meaning "seen clearly, clearly." According to one version, the expression went from clairvoyance. Guessing on the palm supposedly helps to see the person's life, his character and beliefs.