Neuropsychology of childhood. Center for Pediatric Neuropsychology
In our life, where there is so much labor and fatigue,cheerful, bright, pleasant and joyful light are the children. We rejoice when they achieve certain successes in life, and are sad when they are touched by any troubles and bad weather. The development of mental functions is an important component of the entire formation of the child's personality. Pathologies of this development are engaged in several branches of science at once, in particular, child neuropsychology.
The history of the emergence of neuropsychology as a related science
Neuropsychologyis an important direction in psychology. It originated at the junction of several disciplines, such as medicine, neurology, neurosurgery and psychology. The subject of this science is the study of the features of the dynamics of mental processes and the personal sphere, which manifest themselves in local brain lesions.
The founder of neuropsychology can safelycalled A. R. Luria, who developed the theory of systemic dynamic localization of higher mental functions. This theory is laid in the basis of a related science that studies psychic processes in different conditions.
What is the current neuropsychology of childhood?
It is known that any mental activitydue to the work of all zones of the brain. And the knowledge of which areas of the brain work, when a person performs this or that activity, is the central place in the neuropsychological approach.
Neuropsychology of childhood is engaged inthe study of the formation and development of the child's mental sphere in the process of its development. Unfortunately, the number of children with mental development problems has recently increased. The causes of such problems include the child's central nervous system involvement in the perinatal period, the pathology of labor, the development of pathologies of the nervous system in the first three months of life, and so on. To date, neuropsychology of childhood offers a set of activities aimed at early detection of the causes of abnormal development and timely action.
Pathologies of what mental functions is engaged in this science?
Usually, when the VFF is affected, suchmental and cognitive processes, such as speech, perception, thinking, active attention, types of mnestic activity. Sometimes the changes concern the personality of the child, his emotions suffer. Violations of the brain in the motor and sensory spheres can be especially bright. Recently, many researchers have paid more attention to an industry such as children's neuropsychology, which studies the development of children's mental functions in norm and pathology, that is, in comparison.
How are psychology and medicine related in this field of knowledge?
As already mentioned, neuropsychology was formedon the basis of the theoretical data of psychology and medicine. Medical knowledge allows psychological science to understand and study the various mechanisms and causes of mental disorders. Therefore, when developing all possible neuropsychological rehabilitation programs aimed at improving the patient's well-being, both psychologists and doctors participate.
Periods of age development of children
It is believed that from 0 to 3 years the development of the child is very intense.
It all begins with an infant period, whenthe kid knows how to eat, sleep and rejoice at the sight of an adult. Then he turns into an independent curious kid, who has in the arsenal of a sufficient number of skills. This time is very happy for him and memorable for his parents. However, the first words, steps, poem, drawing, craftsmanship from plasticine will become possible only with the timely development of memory, attention, thinking, speech and so on.
At the age of 3 to 7 years for the child opensthe world of people, object communication goes to a secondary plan. The kid in all imitates adults, all of his actions and actions are motivated and have a purpose. There is a growing interest in the environment, forms of active interaction with peers are developing, personal traits are being formed, moral and moral properties are being formed, qualities such as respect, cooperation, ability to defend one's opinion are acquired.
The reasons why parents turn to the center of children's neuropsychology
For help to a neuropsychologist and othersspecialists working in the field of pediatric neuropsychology are addressed by parents whose children experience learning difficulties and have behavioral problems. Often began to address the problems of childhood stammering, tics, emotionally unstable behavior, no less parents are concerned about fears and increased anxiety in children.
Child neuropsychologist developsindividual programs for working with problem children, conducts psychocorrectional activities in the retardation of mental development, helps parents determine the age at which it is better to give the child to school, determines the level of its development.
The reasons that prompt you to seek help from a neuropsychologist are:
- hyperactivity, restlessness or excessive lethargy of the child;
- various motor disorders (underdevelopment of motor skills, increase or decrease in tone, motor awkwardness);
- underdevelopment of mental and cognitive processes, such as memory, perception, attention, thinking;
- difficulties in learning to write, count, and also if the child can not read.
Methods of Neuropsychology
Center for Child Neuropsychology, where oftenparents ask for help, is the main diagnostic base for a child with developmental problems, after all, the psychodiagnostic procedure is necessarily prescribed. This is important for identifying the characteristics of the child's mental sphere. Then, psycho-corrective measures can be prescribed.
Psychodiagnostic methods include researchstates of mnestic abilities, active attention, thinking, emotional-volitional sphere, etc. Psychocorrectional exercises contribute to the complete or partial restoration of damaged mental functions, necessary for full development and successful learning, at the expense of the remaining conservation functions. In this case, a neuropsychologist compiles a program of work that is relevant to a particular child.
Classes are held both in the group and inindividual form. It should be noted that such a help should be provided by a neuropsychologist (or an expert who is well versed in an industry such as neuropsychology of childhood). Informative in terms of corrective exercises is the manual by Yu. V. Mikadze "Neuropsychology of childhood". To consolidate the result, it is very important for parents to deal with children at home.
Center for Pediatric Neuropsychology: Parents' Feedback
Each parent, educating his child, believesand hopes to grow a full-fledged harmonious personality. Our life is full of difficulties and trials, which is not something that a child, but sometimes an adult can not cope with. Insecurity, resentment, fear, rejection of society, a list, weak cognitive abilities, problems in communication are frequent companions of modern children. Fortunately, with the advent of various neuropsychological centers, this problem is solved to date.
Thus, the Children's Research CenterNeuropsychology, founded in 1999, assists children with mental development problems at a very high level. This center is unique and is the only one of its kind in Moscow, as the high professionalism of the specialists working there guarantees the high quality of the assistance provided. It should be noted that the reviews about him are only positive.