Methods of early child development: an overview of existing systems
Many mothers before the baby's birththink about its further development. What should be done to make the child grow up smart and inquisitive? How to develop the opportunities inherent in every tiny little man? What to do with the baby in the first year of life? The answers to all these questions are given by modern methods of early development of children. Which one should I choose? This you decide yourself after reading our article.
1. Montessori Methodology
According to Maria Montessori, the development of the baby shouldbased on two principles: the game form of learning and the independence of the child. Without an individual approach, this technique will not work. Each child is unique, and this must be taken into account. The kid himself will choose a suitable activity for himself, it is only necessary to create an environment for him. Child's mistakes should not be corrected, he will do it himself. Mom should only gently lead the whole process, but in no case do not teach crumbs. What influences this method of early development of the child? First of all, it is aimed at improving:
- logical and creative thinking;
- Motor skills;
2. Nikitin's Methodology
This method of developing young childrensuggests that the child does not need to force anything. Communication between parents and the baby should be built in the form of cooperation. Mom and Dad just ask the right direction, but do not try to teach the child everything as soon as possible. It is also important to create so-called "advanced" conditions. For example, if the kid is only trying to pronounce his first words, you should buy for him the alphabet (plastic or magnetic), as well as a set of numbers (also magnetic or in the form of cubes). It is worth noting that this system is currently very popular all over the world. For example, in Japan this is the basic method in all kindergartens.
3. The method of Dolman
"Bits of information" - this is what Glen Doman calls himselfthe cards developed by him. It is on them that his method of early development of the child is based. What is its essence? You can even show the baby with a different image from birth. It can be animals, household appliances, natural phenomena, details of the wardrobe, even points for bills and written words. The lesson lasts only a few seconds, but repeats several times a day.
4. Waldorf Pedagogy
This method of early child development is the mainthe bet makes on the spiritual and aesthetic component of the personality, but not on the intellect. If you work on this system, then with the kid you need to be engaged in modeling, folk crafts, play various instruments, put your mini-plays, observe nature. By the way, to teach a child to read this technique does not recommend before he turns 12 years old! An important role in teaching is played by visual representation. This system has many opponents. First, she completely ignores the development of logic and thinking. Secondly, in a sense this technique is aimed at creating ideal conditions that are far from real life. And, thirdly, the development of the child is significantly inhibited. However, this program can help those whose kid is hyperactive and aggressive.
5. The methodology of Zaitsev
This method of early development of the child at the firstthe plan makes teaching reading. Classes are necessarily in the form of a game. Children at the same time sing, clap their hands and are constantly in motion. The basis of the system is the so-called "warehouses". These are combinations of vowels and consonants, which are arranged in pairs. That is why in school a child who is studying according to this program will have to start all over again - to assimilate letters, and only then syllables.