Medical evacuation of victims
Medical evacuation is a whole series of consistent measures to provide assistance to all victims, as well as their further transportation. Main stages:
- Provision of first aid on the battlefield (on the principle of self- and mutual assistance).
- Application of necessary emergency measuresmedicine to prevent the death of a patient. Most often at this point, manipulation of anesthesia, temporary stopping of bleeding and immobilization can be performed. In addition, at this stage it is recommended to put a dropper with saline solution, if in the future it may be needed, because after an hour or more due to the decrease in bcc the veins spasmodic. Then the patient is transported to the next stage.
- Medical assistance. Conditionally it can be divided into the first medical aid, qualified and specialized medical care.
As you already understood, at every subsequent stage of evacuation, the volume of medical services provided (and their quality) is increasing.
Many believe that the concept of "medicalevacuation "is applicable only in wartime, but it is not. The same principles are also relevant in peacetime, when the patient is relocated from the lower level of the provision of medical care (polyclinic) to a higher one. However, in this case the term is not applied.
It is worth noting that medical evacuationoften depends on the preparation for transportation of the patient. In addition, there is a direct dependence of the condition of the victim on the quality of transportation. For example, the carriage of bedridden patients can significantly worsen their condition
Considering evacuation as a system of medical care, it is possible to identify both positive and negative sides.
- continuity when moving patients;
- the fastest first aid.
- Long transportation time to the final stage (provision of qualified and narrow specialized assistance);
- Low volume of medical manipulations at the initial stages.
It is worth noting that medical evacuation is notcan exist without medical sorting. The latter is carried out at all stages of the provision of medical care and is a choice of extremely severe, severe, medium and easily injured patients, taking into account the possibility of their transportation. The sorting allows you to correctly allocate limited opportunities in the volume of assistance, highlighting those who need it urgently. Those victims, whose condition is stable, are waiting for their turn to provide medical care.
Medical evacuation in the period of military operations inthe present time has undergone significant changes. The creation of special mobile military hospitals made it possible to bring medical assistance closer to the territory of fighting. This makes it possible not only to shorten the duration of displacement of the victims to the final stage, but even to abandon certain stages. For example, after the first aid (by type of self- or mutual assistance) the patient is moved directly to the stage of rendering qualified assistance without additional ineffective manipulations. Such changes in the provision of emergency medical care significantly increase the survival rate of the wounded, and also reduces the time of their recovery.
Today for medical evacuation even sanaviatsiya is used, which is used in severe cases both in peacetime and in wartime.
Thus, undergoing a number of significant changes, medical evacuation in an updated form is actively used today in the territories where hostilities are conducted.