Kaluga - the cradle of astronautics
Photos and text al-31f
To the question “What to see in Kaluga?” Everyone usually answers - “The Museum of Cosmonautics”. We will definitely go to the museum, but without a museum - Kaluga is a space city. There is a lot of interesting and beautiful in it, it is considered to be the cradle of astronautics. The cosmonaut's grandfather Konstantin Tsiolkovsky lived and worked here.
As elsewhere in Russia, much is falling apart and destroyed, which means we must hurry to see it all. I liked it so much in Kaluga that I even plan to visit this wonderful city again this year.
1. Having climbed to the high bank of the Oka, we turn off into the first courtyard and admire the real life of real people. If you pull out a car from the yard, you might think that we were in the 20th century, and if you hide a plastic bath, then it will be much more difficult to determine the era.
2. In the same place, then.
3. Get out on Kutuzov Street. A fine rain is drizzling from the gray sky, and a caring fence near a bright, sun-like, luxury new building without windows and doors sets a positive.
four.Directly opposite this future masterpiece of architecture is a small triangular area-fork, from which Vilonova Street departs. At the beginning of the street is a monument to the "Labor Movement". The “Michael” mentioned by Lenin is none other than Nikifor Vilonov. "Mikhail Zavodskoy" - his party nickname.
5. Vilonova street - an open-air museum.
6. We somehow quickly went away. I hope this will live to see my next visit to Kaluga. I'd like to have time to wander between these houses.
7. Next stop -square at the music college. Here is a bust of Tchaikovsky, painted curbs, and in general, everything takes us 70 years into the past. Well, at least, under the influence of films and old photos, I had the impression that everything was like that in the golden age of the Soviet Union. In the summer there will be warm, green and a gramophone on a stool.
And on the background one can see the former Diocesan Women's School, where Tsiolkovsky himself worked as a teacher of physics and mathematics. Now there is a lyceum named after Tsiolkovsky.
9. And trade.
10. Typical buildings in the city center.
11. Typical inhabitants of the city center carefully study the tourists.
12.In the area of Nikolo-Kozinskaya street, it seemed to us that the center of the city was beginning to end, so we decided to turn aside, rounding out our route.
13. Nikolo-Kozinskaya Street itself is interesting in that it is blocked by a fence with barbed wire. It was very uncomfortable to go inside the "zone". But the fact is that to the right of the road one block is occupied by a colony-settlement, and to the left the same territory - a detention center. In order not to linger, I did not reach the camera there. In general, we came to freedom with a clear conscience and went up the street.
I don’t get tired of repeating - everyone who puts such fences in the city needs to be imprisoned with barbed wire.
14. On the left above the ravine are private houses and ultramodern new buildings on the site of those houses that have rotted or burned down, on the right is a whole area of typical Khrushchev houses.
15. Nikolskaya Church, which, apparently, gave the name of the street.
16. A bit authentic ruin.
18. I think, with these indigenous people of Kaluga, we will not see each other. In their place will soon be some new building in 15 floors.
18. Warming of the facades of Khrushchev. The house on the right seems to have been warmed. Only a piece of plaster fell off for some reason.
20. FromVictory SquareRays are several streets and squares of soldiers-internationalists. On one of the elements of the memorial complex, the names of the people of Kaluga who died in various hot spots of the planet are beaten out.
21. On the street of Suvorov stands a representative of baroque architecture - the temple of Cosmas and Domian. It fits very steeply in the arch of the monument to soldiers-internationalists.
22. And we got to the main thoroughfare of the central part of Kaluga - Kirov Street. It is wide and noisy, so I do not want to walk around it for a long time. I am much nicer to wander through quiet alleys. It also drew attention to the unusual Khrushchev with an additional panel-insert. Right, some kind of architectural excesses
23. It is worth turning to the side - and we are again in beautiful Russia, to which we need to carry tourists, both from Moscow and from spiritless abroad. Everything is wonderful here - both houses with leaned outbuildings, and “SHOES” signs, “BANK”, and a spontaneous market with no less spontaneous sellers and buyers. By the way, I was very surprised that almost all the streets in Kaluga were tiled. Even in Moscow there was no such scale at the time of the first wave of reforms of Sobyanin.
24The sculpture of the builder fits very well into the environment. It is not clear just why a bush was planted in front of him, which hides a statue from human eyes.
25. A bit of modern "modern".
26. Judging by the photos on the Internet, this mansion recently looked not much better than those dilapidated houses that we have seen before. Now he is like new.
27. We are in the round square of the World, the same as the Victory Square, only from the opposite end of Kirov Street. This is, in general, a view of the very noisy street.
28. The central place in the Peace Square isTsiolkovsky with a rocket.
29. Tsiolkovsky House on Tsiolkovsky Street. Here the scientist lived the last two years of his life.
31. It will soon be completely dark, so we are starting a targeted movement to the museum of astronautics. Again in our way is the high bank of the Oka with probably the most expensive land in the city. Huts here are living their days, in their place grow high-rise cottages.
32. In the very elite version it looks good.
33. Next to the museum, an innovation center was recently built according to the design of a fashionable architectural bureau. And there are also playgrounds.I do not know which organization they belong to, but the entrance to them is strictly nothing - they are surrounded by a fence.
34. Gates are closed, the child also pulled the handle and went indignant further. This is by the way, the second site, and not the one that is in the picture above.
35. From the roof of the new cultural center a great view opens up.Space History Museum.
36. The museum is currently under reconstruction. A new building will be built. The museum complex will be bigger and better!
37. The information stand states that construction began in December 2013, and will end in December 2016.
38. At the entrance to the museum we were met by Yuri Alekseevich.
We will definitely return to Kaluga.