How to store cuttings?
Cuttings (they are also called a scion) are denoted byannual shoots that have grown over the past year. These cuttings are taken for inoculations. They are harvested for spring vaccinations after the tree is thrown off all the leaves and after the first small frosts in November or early December. At this time, the trees stop the movement of juices, and they pass through natural hardening.
Usually strong and strong shoots with a diameter of 5-7 mm are selected and cut from the sunny side of the tree. The optimal length of shoots should be 40-60 cm.
Stone fruit crops (peach, apricot, cherry)Prepared before frost, because the frozen cuttings of these crops do not get well in vaccinations, and even completely die. Another difficulty in storing these shoots is the propensity of these crops to prop up, so they need to be stored at a temperature of no higher than -4 -2 degrees and with low humidity. Excess moisture also contributes to early bud opening in the spring, and such cuttings are not suitable for vaccination.
Fertilized fruit crops, such as mountain ash,apple, pear, quince - more winter hardy. The vegetative period in the spring begins later in them, than in stone fruit crops, therefore they tolerate storage conditions in winter satisfactorily.
Keep cuttings in winter can be in the snow, in the cellars, cellars, and even in the home refrigerator.
Hiding in the snow
They store the scions in snowdrifts, wrap themsackcloth and bandage with twine, previously tying the cuttings into small bundles for each grade and attaching a waterproof label to each bundle. Burts are located on the northern side of the buildings or near the fences, the thickness of the snow cover should be at least half a meter. Bunches of cuttings are sprinkled with snow, compact it, and from the top are filled with sawdust or peat, so that the snow thaws more slowly in the thaw.
Cellars and Cellars
If there is not enough snow in your area, you canStore cuttings in cellars or cellars. To do this cuttings are placed in ventilated containers, sprinkled with clean sand or sawdust. It is necessary to constantly monitor the humidity in the room. This method of storage is allowed for cuttings of pear, apple, grape and plum, but gives unsatisfactory results for peach cuttings, apricots and cherries due to insufficiently low temperature in basements and high humidity.
If you have few cuttings, you can store themin a home fridge, where the temperature is the lowest. To do this, wipe the cuttings with a dry clean rag, place in a plastic bag and tie with twine. When the refrigerator is thawed, the cuttings are taken out to a cold place. Be sure to make sure that there is no excess moisture in the package. If condensation has occurred, the package should be deployed and the cuttings wiped clean with a dry, dry cloth, and then packaged in a new bag.
How to store grape cuttings
Let's say a few words about storing cuttingsgrapes. Vine grapes are stored in the same way as other cuttings of fruit crops, only before laying for storage, they must be treated with iron or copper sulfate to avoid fungal diseases.
For more information on storing grape cuttings, see our article How to Store Cuttings of Grapes.