How to care at home for a naughty guest from Mexico?
Care for any plant begins with the selection of a place for planting and placement.
Pot and soil
In the photo you can see that this exotic flower is often planted in small pots. This decision is completely true — as with amaryllis, it grows in natural circumstances in stony soil, providing minimal living space. In addition, it is best to choose an earthen pot, as it provides good access to oxygen, which is a necessary condition for flowering.
Once the desired pot is selected, it is necessary to fill it with soil that the hippeastrum prefers.
If you want your plant to quickly reach a state of flowering, and also have a good state of health, you need to acquire a loose, crumbly substrate for succulents.
When the opportunity to buy it is not expected, the ground can be made independently. Optimal care for hippeastrum includes the use of a combination of ground sod, fine river sand and peat, which serves as a fertilizer for the plant.
At home, place the hippeastrum and amaryllis in such a way that its surface is partially covered with direct sunlight, and partly with soft diffused light. In many photos and educational videos you can see that the flower is set on the window sill, but the window is equipped with a special screen. Such care is the best option, since providing a good level of illumination in combination with good protection allows you to prevent many diseases.
The temperature of the ambient air for the plant should be 22-26 degrees, which is quite difficult to ensure at home. In combination with the sensitivity to gusts of cold wind, this leads to the fact that the hippeastrum is placed in special mini-greenhouses or around windows that do not open.
Transplant after purchase
Immediately after purchase, an exotic plant needs to be transplanted into a new pot and soil - this is because in stores very often special fertilizers are added to the soil, which increase the length of the flowering period and improve the tone of the leaves, but in the long term lead to the gradual death of the green cover. Otherwise, gippeastrum at home can dry out quickly and you will have to re-grow it from the bulb, using the most gentle care.
Some of the photos in the growing manuals also indicate the need for fertilizing - this is completely reasonable and necessary to ensure flowering. Normal care includes the use of a small amount of universal mineral fertilizer during planting and after - every 20 days.
Moisturizing, nutrition and health support
It should be noted that hippeastrum, like amaryllis, originates from Mexico with its hot and arid climate, ensuring minimal atmospheric moisture loss.
At home, it is better to use well-settled water from the tap or filtered liquid that does not contain harmful substances - for example, chlorine. Watering is done on the outer circumference of the earth in the pot - you need to make sure that not a single drop falls on the bulb, which can rot. In the photo you can see that the ground should be only slightly wet, and the next application of the liquid at home is done only after it has completely dried to crumbly lumps.
After the end of flowering, hydration should cease - the hippeastrum gradually passes into the sleeping phase of its life, dropping leaves and flowers. At the same time, immediately after the petals have dried, it is necessary to cut the bud to reduce the load on the root system. Such care will be the best option for wintering - gradually you will also need to remove dying leaves and ensure bulb storage at a temperature of 12-15 degrees, which at home can be created on the insulated balcony or terrace of a private house.
Diseases and treatment
At home, it is also necessary to provide proper care, which will prevent the effect of the disease on hippeastrum. In the photo you can see that many plants of this species, like amaryllis, quite often affectsred rotbulbs, which practically leaves the plant a chance of survival. The affected area must be completely cut out and the remaining surfaces must be treated with a foundation that will not allow the disease to spread further.
Similarly, hippeastrum and amaryllis can affectred fungal burn. In the photo you can see that this disease looks little different from red rot, but it doesn’t affect the leaves, but the bulb. In such cases, the gippeastrum or amaryllis is completely cut off, and the bulb is treated with a therapeutic mixture consisting of twenty pieces of chalk and one - concentrated copper vitriol.The soil is changed or treated with fungicide, and the bulb is dried for several days at a site with not too bright diffused light, washed with warm water and planted again.