How much does the temperature of the chicken pox keep? How does the disease develop in children and adults?
Chickenpox - so in common people is calledchickenpox. Let's figure out where it comes from, consider its symptoms, how it is tolerated by children and adults, and what complications it can cause. Is there a temperature with chickenpox?
Chickenpox is an infectiousdisease. The causative agent of chickenpox is the virus of the Herpesviridae family. It can live and reproduce only within the body. The source of the infection is a sick person. The path of transmission of the disease is airborne. In other words, it can be infected not only with direct contact with a sick person, but also simply being with him in the same room. However, the virus itself is extremely unstable and quickly dies out of the body. The most often sick children from 1 to 10 years, but sometimes become ill teenagers and adults. A person becomes contagious to others about a couple of days before the onset of the rash, and remains so until the very end of the disease. The entrance gates of the infection become the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. From there, multiplying, the virus gets into the blood. Is there a temperature with chickenpox? Let's look at the clinical picture of the disease.
Is there a temperature with chickenpox? What are the main symptoms of the disease? The incubation period of chicken pox is quite long - 10-21 days. Sometimes the disease has a prodromal period, i.e. a kind of, a time of preliminary symptoms. As a rule, this is a rise in temperature to 37.5-38, headache, general weakness and malaise. Sometimes, vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain are possible.
Chickenpox can begin immediately with a characteristic rash on the body. First of all, the rash appears on the hips, shoulders, chest and stomach. And the palms and soles of the feet, as a rule, are free from the rash.
An important detail - rashes, as a rule, do not occur immediately, but in several stages, for 2-5 days, and each such stage is accompanied by an increase in temperature.
The rashes themselves first have the appearance of red spotssmall size, in the place which then form small bubbles. Usually they eventually burst and heal without a trace. If there was a festering, then at this place can remain characteristic small scars.
Course of the disease
Happens and the temperature with chickenpox in children. Usually the disease goes on quickly, and ends with complete recovery. The temperature of chickenpox in children, as a rule, lasts up to 5 days. By the fifth day, rashes usually stop, and the disease "fades." A sick child develops a strong immunity, and re-infection is highly unlikely. The general condition usually suffers insignificantly.
Is there always a temperature in children with chicken pox? No, in mild cases, the disease can occur without it at all.
The chickenpox is more difficult for adults. Symptoms and treatment are similar, but the disease is much more difficult. As a rule, rashes are more massive, up to a full covering of the back and chest. In addition, adults have a more pronounced deterioration in the general condition. The likelihood of complications also increases many times, but we will talk about this separately.
Treatment and prevention
What you need to do if you have chickenpoxadults? Symptoms and treatment are similar to those for children, but it is necessary to exclude the possibility of complications. When a disease is detected, it is necessary to see the doctor who will prescribe the treatment.
With uncomplicated forms of special therapy fortreatment of chickenpox in children is not required. The main task is to prevent a secondary infection, i.e., to avoid suppuration at the site of the rash. For this purpose, various antibacterial agents for external use are used. This is an alcoholic solution of a brilliant green, an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate. It is possible to use antibacterial ointments. If the temperature is above 38, the doctor may prescribe antipyretic drugs.
How much does the temperature with chickenpox keepchild? In classical cases - up to 5 days. In cases where the temperature lasts longer, it rises more than 38.5 and if the overall condition deteriorates sharply, it is necessary to immediately seek medical help.
Adult, sick chickenpox, in addition to thisabove the treatment, the doctor can prescribe antiviral drugs. Patients are prescribed bed rest. Can there be chicken pox without temperature in adults? No, almost always this disease is accompanied by high degrees of thermometer and poor health.
Among prevention measures, timely isolation of patients should be highlighted. Therefore, you should call the doctor at your house, and do not go to the clinic yourself.
Today, there are special vaccines against varicella, which allow to form a stable immunity and avoid the disease.
All of the above is true for the typical forms of chickenpox. But there are also atypical, which are much heavier. Often they lead to death.
The easiest atypical form is rudimentary. With it, the rashes do not reach their full size, are scanty, look like barely noticeable vesicles.
People suffering from rare diseasescirculatory system, hemorrhagic form can be observed. During the course of the disease, the blisters themselves are filled with bloody contents, while hemorrhages on the skin and mucous membranes can be observed. There may be bleeding from the gums, nose. When the rash is drying up, black crusts appear that are deeply embedded in the skin and often ulcerate.
Possible "bullous" form of the disease, when,along with ordinary vesicles, large flabby bubbles with thin walls form on the skin. When they fall, they can form wet, poorly healing wounds.
With gangrenous form, necroticchanges in the skin, it is characterized by severe intoxication of the body and high lethality. Fortunately, it occurs infrequently, and, as a rule, in people whose immunity is greatly weakened.
The generalized form is characterized by damage to the internal organs and proceeds extremely hard, often leading to death.
All the forms described above are extremely rare, and develop against other serious diseases.
As we mentioned above, chicken pox in adultsis more severe than in children, and the risk of complications is much higher. Among them, pneumonia, encephalitis, arthritis, loss or deterioration of vision can be distinguished.
With pneumonia, as a rule, the temperature rises sharply, dyspnea appears, chest pains. Cough with bleeding is possible. All this is at the peak of rashes on the body.
Encephalitis is characterized by worsening of the general condition, nausea, headache. Symptoms usually begin with a 5-15 day course of the disease.
Other complications are extremely rare. To avoid them, you need to see a doctor, follow his instructions and monitor your condition.
So, we found out how much the temperature is holdingwith chickenpox in a child, and how much in an adult. We became aware of ways of infection, symptoms and complications of chicken pox. Briefly summarize. In children, chicken pox runs quite easily, the temperature lasts about 5 days, light cases are possible without it at all. Adults have a much worse disease. Often there is a high fever with chickenpox, poor health. The disease is often accompanied by complications. Treatment should be selected by the doctor and in itself it includes antiviral and antipyretic drugs, if necessary, and the means for preventing secondary infection.