In the Sacrament of Unction, forgotten sins are forgiven?
In Great Lent, the Sacrament of Unction is performed in every Orthodox church. How does it affect a person? Why do some people really get healed from ailments after him? Where does this name come from? Who needs this Mystery first? We will try to answer all these questions.
Unction is one of the seven sacraments of the Church, in which special grace descends on a person. By faith, he is healed physically and spiritually: he gets rid of physical illnesses and forgotten sins. Therefore, it takes place primarily over seriously ill patients.
The basis for the establishment of unction was the Holy Scripture.
In the Gospel of Mark there is an indication that the apostles, who received the power of Christ to heal the afflictions,"Many of the sick were smeared with oil and healed."
And in the letter of the Apostle James we find a direct indication:Is anyone among you sick, let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him,having anointed him with oil in the name of the Lord. And the prayer of faith will heal the sick, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, forgive him
Here you need to pay attention to several important details:
- the power of prayer and faith;
- the meaning of the anointing with oil;
- healing of sickness and forgiveness of sins.
Since the second name of the Sacrament is unholiness, first of all it is worth finding out: what was the meaning of the anointing with oil in the Bible?
- The oil in Israel was the “unofficial” symbol of life. The Israelites understood his abundance as God's blessing. Olive oil was one of the staple foods. In addition, they smeared their skin suffering from the merciless sun.
- Also in the Bible we find indications of the anointing of the priesthood and the kingdom, which symbolized the election to serve the Lord.
- Olive oil was also used in funeral rites. He was poured abundantly on the bodies of the departed, which meant dying for sin.
It is quite logical that the anointing with oil, supported by faith and prayer, served as the basis for the Sacrament of healing bodily ailments and forgiveness of forgotten sins.
Another interesting fact. In Orthodox churches, along with "Lord, have mercy," sing "Kyrie eleison."If you literally translate the second petition from Greek, you get“Anoint me with oil, heal”.
Forgiveness of sins = recovery?
As mentioned above, the Sacrament of Unction helps a person to get rid of ailments and at the same time forgives forgotten sins.
Christians see a direct connection between the physical and spiritual condition of a person. For example, the satiation of food at the same time has a negative effect on physical well-being, and also makes a person lazy, can kindle carnal desires.
Sometimes God permits grief and sickness to the numbed sinner so that he will come to repentance. Usually, repentance leads a person to a change in lifestyle, confession and communion. But we cannot see and remember all our sins. Certain vices have not yet been revealed to us, something happened so long ago that it has already been erased from memory. But from this the sins did not disappear. They put pressure on us with their cargo. To get rid of them just helps anointing.
Since every person is unable to remember all his sins, then it is necessary to congregate not only seriously ill patients.
Conditions for the fulfillment of the Sacrament of the Unction
Unification is performed only on members of the Church of Christ, that is, on baptized people.The prerequisite of which the apostle James spoke was the presence of faith.
Severely ill patients are congregated throughout the year, for all the rest anchoring is "available" only in Great, less often - Advent. As a rule, a person starts to unite only once a year; if sick, then with the blessing of the priest and more often. It is not customary to collect children under seven years old, because before this age their sins are forgiven without confession.
Usually, priests recommend to preach and receive communion before the Holy Unction. Then a person receives greater grace: both forgotten sins and repentant ones are destroyed, the pure heart of a person becomes the abode of the Lord.
How is the sacrament of unction performed?
The name "unction" stuck because of the fact that, ideally, it is performed by a council of seven priests. But in many churches only one cleric is anointed with oil.
First, the clergy read special prayers in which he repeatedly asks the Lord to forgive forgotten sins to all those who assemble, also read seven passages from the Gospel and the Apostle on the topics of forgiveness and healing.As many times as priests anoint the forehead, cheeks, nostrils, ears or lips, breasts, hands of believers with oil.
In addition to the priests, all those present pray. They hold lit candles in their hands and turn to God with the words of chants:Have mercy on us, God!
Have mercy on us, Vladyko!
Have mercy on us, Holy One!
Hear us, O God!
Hear us, Vladyko!
Hear us, Holy One!
Heal us, God!
Heal us, Vladyko!
Heal us, Holy One!
Usually, after performing the Sacrament of Unction, believers are distributed in the temple:
- grains of wheat - a symbol of birth for eternal life. Planted in the ground, the grain decays and germinates. So is man: physically dies and is resurrected for eternity;
- Fir and wine are symbols of healing spiritual and physical wounds. It is these substances that the merciful Samaritan from the famous biblical parable (the Gospel of Luke) poured onto the body of the battered man.
They anoint the body with food when they are ill, draw crosses on the forehead, and use wheat with prosphora and holy water.
Of course, the believer should not forget that the Sacrament of Unction is not a magical ritual and not a pill for all diseases. Not every congregator necessarily receives instant healing from ailments and a visible result.
As in any Sacrament, there is a “mysterious” part in sedation. It refers to the forgiveness of forgotten sins.Sincerely repentant and asking the Lord for pardon, he receives health by faith. Spiritual so accurate.
Briefly and succinctly about the cathedral tells the proposed video: