First-aid kit is a necessary thing in the company and in the office. What should be part of the first aid kit?
Unfortunately, in life we often get toin dangerous situations, of which we often leave with bruises, fractures, bruises and other injuries. But this, in fact, is nonsense, if we remember that people regularly die at work, at home and in the street, because they did not have time to render first aid. Emergencies, all sorts of bouts, accidents and fires - all this catches the man by surprise, and everything that has been passed through the lessons on the OBL is flown out of his head. When there is something out of the ordinary, first, you need to be able to cope with yourself, and secondly, to have at your fingertips popular medical means. So, perhaps, you can save a life to yourself or another affected person. First-aid kit is designed just to store these funds in it. You probably have seen a compact handbag with a scarlet cross painted on it.
The first-aid kit must certainly be in your home, and onwork. All members of the collective or family should be aware of where it lies. If any of the tools in it ends, you must immediately add it. Let's take a close look at the funds included in the kit.
First-aid kit: equipment
- Nine disinfected tampons made of gauze measuring 75 x 75 mm.
- A pack of ten paper napkins.
- Twenty-four bactericidal adhesive plasters (better if they are different in size).
- A roll of adhesive plaster, the width of which is 25 mm.
- Two disinfected wipes with anti-static effect, 100 x 100 mm.
- Three sterile bandages (again, ideally, if they are of different sizes: small, medium and larger).
- Three rolls of medical elastic bandages (width should be 100, 75 and 50 mm.).
- A pair of cotton dressing gowns.
"Five English pins."
- Scissors made of stainless steel.
- Tweezers made from the same material.
- Pen and notebook.
- Three cellophane bags.
- Disinfected pad of gauze and cotton wool in the size of 9 x 20 mm.
- Medical latex gloves.
- A book on how to properly provide assistance to the victim.
Here, perhaps, and the whole first-aid kit.
Disinfected dressings withantistatic or adsorbing effect, are of different sizes. They are produced in tightly closed containers, which should be torn only just before the material is applied to the wound.
Sterile packages for dressings
They come in several sizes - small,optimal and large. In the package you can find a bandage, as well as a cushion of gauze and cotton wool. It is quite thick and reliable: with its help it is possible to stop the blood quickly enough even if it gushes with a strong stream.
Disinfected pad of gauze and cotton wool
As you already know, this is an effective toolcan be useful in bleeding. Also, the cushion should protect the damaged skin. It consists of a cotton wool disc sewn into gauze. You can just press it against the skin, but some fold it several times and only then apply. First-aid kit must contain this pillow.
Disinfected bandages with antistatic effect
These remedies are used for skin lesions(bleeding wounds, burns) when a simple adsorbent material adheres to it. There are several variants of such bandages: it is a thin napkin, and a cushion of gauze and cotton wool, one side of which has an antistatic effect. It's about a polymer film, evenly covered with small holes, through which blood penetrates into the adsorbing material. Antistatic dressings are made from synthetic fabrics. Do not know which side to put it to the skin? Consider it more closely: this surface should be glossy.
Bactericidal adhesive plaster
First Aid Kit must becontain and this tool. They can stick a small injury on the skin. On the sticky surface of the adhesive plaster is a soft pillow, which should be applied to the wound. Perhaps, this product will please you with its diversity. Adhesive plasters can be oval, square, and rectangular. And for the fingertips and the shape will be appropriate. Band-paste need to be changed once a day, otherwise the wound will heal for a long time.
Roll of adhesive plaster
Again, we are pleased with the large selection of products. On sale you can find different types of adhesive plasters, which differ in width. Usually they are made from such materials that do not cause allergies. That is, they simply can not do any harm to health. The optimum width is 25 mm. Adhesive plaster is suitable for any area of the skin - on the hands, on the legs, on the fingers, etc.
There are situations when in order for a bandagewell held, requires a wide adhesive plaster. Then you need to rewind it a few times. There is a sticking plaster that resembles paper. Its disadvantage is that it can easily tear. It needs to be wound on the body so that each new layer is partially attached to the previous one. So he will hold on well. But if the room is very hot or humid, be prepared for the fact that it can get unstuck.
When buying bandages, pay attention to theirelasticity. This quality is necessary in order to be impossible to tie them too much. Such bandages are made of synthetic materials, as well as cotton. In addition, they include elastic fibers. Remember: first-aid kit without bandages is something useless. Yes, they are really so important.
Applying a bandage on the wound, make sure that it is goodstretches. It is necessary to exclude the possibility of squeezing the damaged part of the body. If you accidentally dislocate your leg or stretched ligaments, you will need a reliable bandage from a thick bandage. Its composition will include a greater number of elastic fibers. But to put on a bandage is still half the battle. After this, it will be necessary to check from time to time whether it is not very tight.
Dressing in the form of a triangle is necessaryfor laying on the injured arm, fixing the tire to the foot, and also for stopping the bleeding. If the first-aid kit is universal, it is always possible to find this tool. It is made from a rectangular piece of material, the size of which is 1m x 1m. It is cut diagonally.
Wound treatment agents
It is good that the first aid kit, in which there are tools for treating wounds, that is, absorbing blood and cleaning the damaged skin area.
Disinfected gauze tampons
Please note that this is a one-time tool. If you repeatedly use it, you can put the infection in the wound.
They are designed to eradicate vomit,blood and other secretions. They are used only once. Just do not clean them directly with a wound, since they are not decontaminated. For this purpose, sterile tampons made of gauze are more suitable.
Yes, do not be surprised, first-aid kit must necessarily be completed with them. But they do not need much. Pincers and scissors will be enough. Of course, they must be of high quality.
One end must be sharp, and the other end should be oval. So it will be convenient for you to cut both clothes and bandages.
Notice how tightly in contactits ends when you squeeze it in your hand. Also make sure they are not very sharp. Using tweezers, you can pull splinters. It is recommended to give preference to a tool with rectangular or oval ends.
First-aid kit workers should be staffed with some other items.
In them you can pack, for example, dirty bandages, any things.
English pins (also called safe ones) are needed in order to fix clothes and bandages.
First-aid kit must becontain them. First aid should be provided in them. Although, of course, there are exceptions, for example, if you have an intolerance to latex or no time to wear them. Dirty gloves should be disposed of properly, packed in a tightly closed container. After work in them, you need to wash your hands.
Pen and notebook
They will be required in order to record information about the patient's state of health. Driving doctors from the ambulance will need to find out how his temperature, pulse rate, etc. changed.
First Aid Book
Not everyone knows what to do in case of emergency. Therefore it is good, if in the medicine cabinet there is a book with the necessary information.
How to store first-aid kit?
- It should be in a place where children do not exactly look.
- It is necessary that it is tight and well closed.
- It is necessary to sort out all the items according to the field of application and decompose according to cellophane packages.
- In order not to waste time searching for a certain means, it is necessary to sign them.
- Near each subject should be a guide to its use.
- Once in 30 days the first aid kit is subject to verification: it is necessary to see if the funds that are in it have deteriorated.