Let's talk a little about embroidery. After all, it is one of the most interesting and common types of art, and folk. We usually call it handicraft.
Cross - the first type of embroidery
It is believed that the appearance of sewing is associated with the first stitches that primitive people made when they fastened the skins of dead animals. For them, then it was a necessity. Next came the embroidery, which was an addition to the sewn clothes. With the help of embroidery outfits differed from each other, were not uniform and not the same. The various ornament allowed to stand out to the different people.
“Embroidery is the decoration of various materials or already finished products with ornaments or plot patterns with the help of threads (silk ribbons, beads and other materials) and needles (embroidery machine).” At different stages of the development of civilization and periods of life, people used different tools for this activity. Gold-plated, bone, bronze needles and a stone awl can also be attributed to them. With the modernization of the tools themselves, the embroidery itself was changing, it could be complicated. So there were new ways and methods of embroidery. It became possible to perform complex drawings.A person with the help of an embroidered picture could reflect his idea of the world around him, mark his geographical position, show traditions and customs.
The oldest surviving embroidery
There are embroideries that have survived to the present day. They were made in the IV — V centuries BC. in ancient China. This country has had a great influence on the development of this art in countries such as Japan, Russia and others.
Remember Russia. There embroidery was a favorite folk art. Women and girls sat embroidering in the evenings, embroidered holiday gowns. They owned this art to perfection, because the ancient rituals and customs were based on it. Towels, tablecloths, towels, sheets, curtains, as well as sundresses, shirts and headdresses were embroidered. With the advent of Christianity in Russia, icons and mirrors decorated embroidered things.
Embroidered motifs were diverse and carried their meaning, they also could and were used as amulets. Especially for cross stitching. It was believed that the cross protects against the evil eye and evil forces. Until the 17th century, representatives of nobles and nuns were engaged in embroidery.They used expensive fabrics, pearls, gold threads and precious stones to decorate, but then this skill became obligatory for peasant girls who prepared a dowry for their wedding in advance.
And today we can plunge into this needlework with the head, choose any motifs, landscapes, select frames, embroider beautiful paintings, and exhibit them at exhibitions. In our stores there is an abundance of material and items for embroidery, special magazines for beginners with a ready-made set of threads and patterns have been created. Good luck and creative success!
Ancient codes in the ornaments of Slavic embroidery: