Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

Causes of the disease

Girl probes the chestMastopathy can be caused by multiple reasons:

  • genetic or hereditary factor;
  • features of a woman’s lifestyle;
  • cleanliness of its environment.

Quite often, causal factors are in close relationship, forming an unpleasant background against which diffuse mastopathy develops.

Today, medicine knows the main factors contributing to the development of the disease:

  • reproductive impairment;
  • various psychological factors;
  • violations of sexual life;
  • lack of sex;
  • metabolic and hormonal disorders;
  • gynecological diseases;
  • chronic disease;
  • chronic sleep deprivation;
  • insufficient consumption of vegetables and fruits containing dietary fiber;
  • excess intake of fats and animal proteins.

http://youtu.be/ckjY_yqhmz4

Symptoms and signs of the disease

Nipple IsolationIn most cases, diffuse mastopathy appears as:

  • pain in the breast;
  • compacted areas in the chest;
  • increase its volume;
  • discharge from the nipples;
    the presence of specific nodes;
  • enlarged lymph nodes in the corresponding area;
  • heaviness in the premenstrual period;
  • migraine-like headaches.
As we have already said, mastopathy differs nodular and diffuse. The first group includes phalloid fibroadenomas or leaf-shaped fibroadenomas, hematomas, proper cysts, angiomas, fibroadenomas, lipomas, intraductal papillomas and lipogranulomas.

If diffuse mastopathy is mentioned, then its following forms are distinguished: adenoses with a predominance of the glandular component, fibroadenoses or a fibrous form of the disease, fibrocystic diseases with a predominance of the cystic component rather than the glandular component, sclerosing adenosis, and mixed forms of the disease.

Fibrotic form of the disease

Fibrous mastopathyIn this case we are talking about the form of the disease, which is characterized by the predominance of the so-called fibrosis or formations of connective tissue.Changes occur in the connective interlobular tissue with proliferation of the intrafluent epithelium, often accompanied by narrowing of the lumen or its complete closure.

The clinical picture of the disease is characterized by painful sensations, and specific dense areas are observed on palpation.

The fibrous form of the disease develops in women aged 25 to 40 years. Localized, as a rule, in the outer-upper squares of the chest and appears a few days before the onset of menstruation with an increase during the second phase of the cycle. Possible sensation of pain in the shoulder, shoulder blade and armpit.

Cystic disease

Breast CystsIn this case, fibrocystic disease is characterized by multiple or single seals - cysts, which are abdominal formations filled with liquid inside and bounded externally by the connecting epithelium. They have clear boundaries and have an elastic consistency.

Fibrocystic disease develops in women who have crossed the age of 54 years, because it is characterized by serious hormonal disruptions, consisting in the dominance of estrogen.This leads to blockage of the glands through the mammary glands, causing accumulation of fluid in the lobes and the formation of seals.

Diffuse cystic disease

Fibrocystic mastopathyThis form of the disease differs from the nodular in the amount of connective tissue, namely, its growth, which provokes the formation of many small joints or cysts. They can simultaneously reside on each breast, and are also arranged in an orderly manner. Formations are clearly separated and are characterized by the predominance of the transparent contents of the component. With small sizes difficult to puncture.

Among the main symptoms distinguish discomfort and pain, which give in the armpit, collarbone, scapula and arm.

Diffuse-fibrous form of the disease

Breast self-examinationIn this form, fibrocystic disease is characterized by benign tumors in the mammary glands, which are round dense nodes that are not welded to the surrounding skin, mobile and painless. In diameter, such nodules can have from 0.5 to 7 cm. It is in this form that the disease occurs in young women under the age of 25 years.

Mastopathy is accompanied by the same symptoms as in the case of other forms:

  • pain sensations;
  • discomfort extending to the area of ​​the mammary glands;
  • enlarged scapular and axillary lymph nodes;
  • pathological discharge from the nipple.

Treatment methods

MammographyIn the dominant number of cases, fibrocystic disease does not cause any anxiety in women, especially before the age of thirty. That is why such an insidious disease is diffuse mastopathy, the treatment of which must be prompt as it progresses over time. Given this feature, all women with suspected mastopathy as soon as possible are advised to consult a doctor and be examined.

The sooner treatment is prescribed, including folk remedies, the more effective it will be.

Therapy of the specified disease is chosen exclusively individually, and will depend on its form, as well as the presence of other gynecological diseases and hormonal status.

The treatment has several goals:

  • reduce the amount of fibrous tissue and cysts in the breast;
  • normalize blood hormone concentration;
  • eliminate various endocrine diseases and inflammatory processes in the reproductive organs;
  • eliminate pain;
  • normalize the functioning of the kidneys, liver and nervous system.

It is worth noting that treatment, including folk remedies, can last for several years. During this period, smoking and alcohol are strictly prohibited.

Sectoral resectionIf fibrocystic disease is expressed by nodular forms, as shown in the photo above, treatment will begin with surgery, namely sectoral resection, followed by immediate histological examination of the material obtained. When a malignant growth is detected, the operating volume expands to remove altered tissues. As a result, conservative treatment is prescribed.

Diseases of diffuse nature are treated by conservative methods. For this, today they use both non-hormonal and hormonal agents, the effectiveness of which depends not only on the individual characteristics of the course of the disease, but also on many other factors.

Drug treatment

Packing WobenzymDiffuse mastopathy is treated with hormonal preparations only after passing through a specific diagnostic program as prescribed by the attending physician. In no case, self-medication or treatment with exclusively folk remedies is unacceptable, since it is possible to accelerate the growth of formations and create favorable conditions for the development of complications.

Fibro-cystic disease is treated with a fairly wide range of drugs that include not only “low” oral contraceptives, but also analog sex hormones.

Systemic hormone therapy, when diffuse mastopathy is diagnosed, is used in especially severe and extremely rare cases, and achieving a positive result is possible under the condition of complex treatment and only under medical supervision.

Among the drugs used by other groups that provide treatment for this disease are used:

  • immunomodulators, such as wobenzym or adaptogens;
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs used to eliminate pain in the second phase of the menstrual cycle;
  • iodine preparations;
  • vitamins of groups A, B and E;
  • soothing herbal remedies.

Diet for mastopathy

FruitsFibrocystic disease is treated, subject to a certain diet. In particular, mastopathy requires to exclude from the diet the following products that contain methylxanthines: cocoa, coffee, cola, chocolate, tea.

Compliance with this condition helps to prevent the growth of tumors and the appearance of other malignant elements.

It is necessary to consume in sufficient quantities vegetables, fruits, bran, which are rich in plant fiber. You also need to reduce the intake of vegetable fat.

Treatment of mastopathy folk remedies

Chest compressMastopathy is treated successfully, as it has already been said, only in a complex way, and not exclusively by folk remedies. By itself, fibrocystic disease is a serious disease, and folk remedies only relieve symptoms, but the cause is not eliminated.

Treatment of folk remedies may consist of lotions and compresses. Good fibrocystic disease or mastopathy is eliminated with the help of burdock leaves, rye cakes, honey, castor oil, cabbage leaves, and lemon juice.

With the help of traditional medicine, treatment should also be regular and long-lasting in order to be effective.

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  • Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

    Diagnosis and treatment of diffuse and nodular mastopathy

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