Constant and unstable signs of the adjective. The difference between him and the sacrament
Every part of speech in Russian fulfills its owncertain functions. The verb makes our speech move, the noun, on the contrary, gives a static character. But our language has an inimitable beauty thanks to the name of the adjective. With its help comes to life any boring text, begin to play with new colors images. The characteristics of the adjective and its other characteristics will be discussed in more detail.
Entertaining Adjective Name
When a text is created, for example, an essay, itsI want to diversify and add color. The description of the bright pictures of nature can not do without the use of adjectives. The main function of this part of speech is to add to any subject a characteristic feature, whether it be external data or character traits. On its basis, epithets (bright adjectives) are constructed, which give the imagery of our speech.
With its help, we will be able to characterize anya thing in size (large), weight (light), physical properties (sweet, hot), qualities (good, ruddy, adult) and other attributes, so it is not necessary to talk about the indispensability of this part of speech.
Studying morphology, students often perform oneof the most difficult tasks - morphological analysis. To do this, you need to know the signs of the adjective, the participle, the verb and other parts of speech. Each part of speech has its own set. Let us examine in more detail the constant signs of the adjective.
True, it will be only one thing - about the discharge. Only he is constant for this part of speech. Let's see what a discharge is.
By its meaning, adjectives are divided into three groups. Each of them has special grammatical characteristics. Groups of such adjectives are called discharges.
This type, based on its name, sharesadjectives denoting any quality. For example, beautiful (appearance), kind (character trait), green (color), round (shape). This group is the most numerous and easily distinguishes from others. Only qualitative adjectives can vary in the degree of comparison (small - less - less). Another distinctive feature is that they can have a short form, which the rest of the categories can not (good - good).
Such a group of adjectives means a sign expressing different attitudes to the subject: to the place (swimming), to the time of the year (winter), to materials (stone, cotton), to the number (double).
This discharge does not, in contrast to the qualitative, have a short form and is not compared in powers.
They have an important difference: these adjectives are unique, answering the question "whose?". This applies both to people (mother, sister), and to animals (bear, wolf).
Unstable signs of the adjective
But there are many more. For all digits, the following will be common:
- The genus. As you know, there are three of them in Russian: masculine, middle and feminine. Each of the adjectives will have all three forms, for example, yellow - yellow - yellow (qualitative); Wooden - wooden - wooden (relative); hare - hare - hare (possessive).
- Number. The only (smart) and plural (rich) are in all ranks.
- The case. Adjectives easily change by case. Only possessive possesses a special type of declension.
For qualitative adjectives, adjective attributes such as the degree of comparison, as well as a short form, are added.
Communion and the adjective: how not to confuse?
Many still find it difficult to distinguish these parts of speech. And all because they have one common question "what?" And other similar features. What kind of signs of the adjective in the sacrament, we will find out in detail.
In addition to the issue that unites them, they havegeneral type of declination. Since outwardly they are practically indistinguishable and have a general appearance (clever - adjective, thinking - participle), then by case, number and all three births will change equally. That is, we conclude that all the unstable signs of the adjective, the sacrament took over.
In addition, both parts of speech are distinguished by the presenceshort form: dark - dark (adjective), made - made (participle). Short forms, like complete ones, change not only by birth, but also by numbers.
If we consider not only the signsadjective and participle, but also their syntactic function, then we can say with confidence that their roles in the proposals are very similar. In full form, both parts of speech will be definitions, and their short forms will serve as a predicate or be part of it.
Knowing what signs of the adjective, everyone can easily perform a morphological analysis of this part of speech. This will be very easy if you know a few simple rules described in our article.
Do not forget that the adjectiveoutwardly similar to the sacrament. In order not to confuse them, remember that the latter is formed from the verb. And the adjective most often takes its origins from the nouns.