Church and state are historically interconnected
Church and Statewere always interconnected. The church had a mysterious essence that did not submit to world phenomena, but had a historical component, contact with the outside world. The state that exists to regulate worldly life has contacted and interacted with the Church. These relationships have changed over the course of history.
The Old Testament tells us that statehood did not arise immediately. History evolved, and the complication of connections in society led to the emergence of the state. In ancient Israel there was a god government, that is, theocracy. Over time, the people began to move away from God and people decided to choose a new earthly ruler.
The church and the state gradually began to live their individual lives. The Lord allowed a new way to organize social life, but through the prophets he told mankind that it should live in keeping the commandments of God.The Lord, having assumed the form of a man, subjugated Himself to earthly rules, obeying state authorities.
Even to his crucifier, Pilate, He said that he would not have power over Him if it had not been given from above. And the Savior said that we must give to Caesar what is Caesar's, and God to God. The Apostle Paul tried to convey to us the teachings of Christ about state power, he wrote that everyone should obey the rulers, that there is no authority not from God.
The church and the state, in the words of the Lord, should coexist in the world, in the good world. The apostles in their teachings reminded that it is necessary to obey any authority, even those who reject Christianity. After all, preachers and martyrs prayed for the pagan rulers who subjected them to torture and persecution.
The need for the state arose due to the consequences of the fall of man. The Holy Scripture calls on the authorities to use their power to reduce evil and multiply good, which is the moral reason for the existence of the state. The church calls to pray for power, regardless of which religion it belongs to.
In the modern worldchurch and stateand interconnected and not.Their cooperation in most cases is based on non-interference in each other’s affairs. But smart rulers are aware that earthly good will not take place if certain standards of morality are not observed.
The church does not have the right to interfere in the functions of exercising the power of the rulers. For example, to resist sin by violence, to carry out coercion or restriction in anything. The state should not interfere in church affairs - in liturgical life, government, dogma ...