Capture of hostages in Budyonnovsk. 20 years ago
On June 14, 1995, two columns of KAMAZ vehicles from Chechnya entered the territory of the city of Budennovsk, Stavropol Territory. At the checkpoint it was reported that trucks transporting zinc coffins with the dead Russian military. In fact, militants hid in their bodies, with a total of up to 160–190 people. The operation was headed by Shamil Basayev.
In the city, one of the columns stopped at a crossroads with Internatsionalnaya Street. The gangsters who jumped out of it shot the closing traffic police car, which was provided to accompany the "Cargo 200". Two police officers died.
At the same time, the second column arrived at the local police department and opened fire on the building with grenade launchers and automatic weapons. After that, for 15 minutes, the militants walked on all five floors of the ROVD, shooting employees and random visitors.
After the defeat of the ROVD, the Basayev group dispersed around the city, visiting the city administration, the House of Children's Art, the fire department, collection buildings, Sberbank, Promstroibank, a medical school, taking hostages to all who were there.In this case, the militants were indiscriminately shooting at people, buildings and passing cars.
Taken in administrative buildings and on the streets of the city, hostages were lined up around a tanker truck with fuel. People were told that it would be blown up in the event of an attempt to release it.
Budennovskaya central district hospital was seized. In the hands of militants were 650 patients and 450 employees of the institution.
All the other hostages were escorted to this particular hospital. On the way to the hospital, about 100 people were killed while trying to escape.
The total number of hostages in the complex of hospital buildings numbered up to 1,500 people.
Militants mined the basement, where most of the people were kept and oxygen tanks near the hospital. At 4:15 pm, an ultimatum was issued to the Russian authorities: “Stop the fighting in Chechnya and withdraw the federal troops. Otherwise, the hostages who are in the hospital will be destroyed.”
In connection with the actions of the militants and the current situation in the city, public transport was stopped, gas and water supplies, telephone communications were disrupted, industrial and food enterprises, institutions, schools and kindergartens were closed.
At the hospital itself, care was stopped, which in several cases led to the death of patients. Pregnant women gave birth to dead children.
Militants carried out actions of intimidation, shooting hostages. So at the seizure of the hospital 6 men were publicly executed. Later, another person was shot dead in the building itself and 5 because the authorities did not provide journalists at the agreed time.
On June 17, 1995, at 5 am, the special forces of the FSB and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation attempted an assault. The bandits shot from the windows, hiding behind a human shield of women, old people and children.
During the operation, 61 hostages were released. Three employees of the Alpha were killed.
After the failed assault, the then Prime Minister of Russia, Viktor Chernomyrdin, held talks with Basayev, as a result of which he was guaranteed unimpeded travel to Chechnya, in exchange for the release of people.
June 19, 1995 most of the hostages were released. The militants, plunging into the buses they were provided with and still hiding behind the remaining prisoners and two dozen correspondents, reached the village of Zandak in Chechnya, where they disappeared.
As a result of the events of June 14–19, 1995, 129 people died, 415 received gunshot wounds of varying severity.